Eyjafjallajökull (Icelandic pronunciation [ˈeɪjaˌfjatlaˌjœːkʏtl̥] ), Scots Eyjafjalla Glacier, is ane o the smawer ice caps o Iceland, situatit tae the north o Skógar an tae the wast o Mýrdalsjökull. The trail is primarily used for hiking, nature trips, and bird watching. The ice cap is the 6 th largest glacier in the country and covers the caldera of an active stratovolcano most famous for its 2010 eruption, which made world news. Thereof, is eyjafjallajökull a composite volcano? It is less active than Katla, with the most recent eruption in 2010 March/April and four other recorded eruptions since settlement of the area some 1000 yr ago. 1666 metres high which is 5466 ft Water accumulation in the crater is slow as the ice is no longer in contact with hot material. The Eyjafjallajökull volcano is a must for nature lovers. The Eyjafjallajökull volcano, one of the oldest active volcanoes in Iceland, is located in the volcanic flank zone of South Iceland, a few tens of kilometers off the nearest branch of the mid-Atlantic plate boundary. The volcanic edifice is an elongated, flat cone of about 1650 m height. Its latest 2010 eruption paralysed the air traffic and, caused a lot of commotion for days. Most of us know the name Eyjafjallajökull for exactly this reason. The previous year, Iceland's Eyjafjallajökull erupted, which caused travel chaos across all of Europe. Sinds de laatste ijstijd heeft de vulkaan meermaals van zich laten horen en de laatste uitbarsting was in 2010, toen hij een groot deel van het luchtverkeer in West-Europa lamlegde. The Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland is known to everyone because of its most recent eruption in the year 2010 that disrupted the air traffic in entire Europe. Eyjafjallajökull lies 25 km (16 mi) west of another subglacial volcano, Katla, under the Mýrdalsjökull ice cap, which is much more active and known for its powerful subglacial eruptions and its large magma chamber. Wear comfortable hiking shoes and warm, rainproof clothing. Eyjafjallajökull volcano represents something bigger. How tall is Mount Eyjafjallajokull? Its eruption in 2010 interfered with European and transatlantic flights for two weeks. The 2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull were volcanic events at Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland which, although relatively small for volcanic eruptions, caused enormous disruption to air travel across western and northern Europe over an initial period of six days in April 2010. It is currently much less active, with two eruptions during the past 1,100 years, occurring in tandem with Katla eruptions in 1612 and 1821–1823. It most recently erupted in 2010. The southern end of the volcano was once part of the Atlantic coastline. It is one of the oldest stratovolcanoes Eyjafjallajökull is a stratovolcano. Eyjafjallajökull is an active stratovolcano, 1660 meters tall. Eyjafjallajokull Volcano | John Seach (Eyjafjoll) Iceland . Eruption in Eyjafjallajökull - Status Report, 23 June 2010 Steinunn S. Jakobsdóttir, Magnús Tumi Guðmundsson Very little activity at Eyjafjallajökull volcano. It has been an active volcano since many decades. In the town of Hvolsvöllur , there is a visitor’s centre on the volcano, which focuses on the experience of one family whose farm, Þorvaldseyri, was one of the many destroyed by the floods, lava and ash. Here, you can read more Eyjafjallajökull facts. Though the volcano has remained active for over a millennia, it was little … Eyjafjallajökull vulkaan De vulkaan Eyjafjallajökull heeft een beruchte status. Volcanoes of this kind are also called glaciovolcanoes and, in Iceland, several subglacial volcanoes belong to this category, including the volcanoes Katla , Hekla and Askja . Mt. The neighbouring volcano, 25 km to the west, is Eyjafjallajökull, which is covered by a smaller and thinner glacier. The name Eyjafjallajökull is derived from an Icelandic phrase meaning “the island’s mountain glacier.” It formed over a hot spot and has explosive eruptions of magma that turns into pahoehoe lava upon contact of air. The volcano’s... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples World's first summit eruption video of Eyjafjallajokull volcano taken by John Seach.... Eyjafjallajokull volcano is located in southern Iceland under Eyjafjallajökull icecap. ... just a year after the Eyjafjallajökull eruption, which caused travel chaos across all of Europe. According to Freysteinn Sigurðsson, geophysicist, Eyjafjallajökull and the nearby area continue to be monitored, but in general, this is not a very active volcano. Eyjafjallajökull is under an ice-cap like many of the volcanoes in Iceland. The ice cap of the glacier conceals the active Eyjafjallajökull stratovolcano (1, 666m in height) which has erupted relatively frequently since the last glacial period. Eyjafjallajökull is a stratovolcano covered by a glacier with the same name. Eyjafjallajökull, lying in south-west of Iceland, is a volcano covered by an ice cap. Eyjafjallajökull is indeed not one of the biggest or most volatile of Iceland's 22 active volcanoes. Eyjafjallajökull specifically is periodically active, having several eruptions in 900, 1612, and from 1821 to 1823 (Eyjafjallajökull, n.d.). It consists of an elongated ice-covered stratovolcano with a 2.5-km-wide summit caldera. Eyjafjallajökull (also known as Eyjafjöll) is located west of Katla volcano. Eyjafjallajökull definition: a cone-shaped ice cap in south Iceland that covers an active volcano . Eyjafjallajökull is one of the few stratovolcanoes found in Iceland. It’s probably become the world’s most famous volcano, after Mount Vesuvius in Italy. Eyjafjallajökull is still an active volcano, and as such, is best explored in the company of an experienced guide who can brief you on safety practices. Iceland has over 130 volcanic mountains, one of which will erupt every five years (Moerland, 2018). Other well-known stratovolcanoes in Iceland include Snæfellsjökull in western Iceland and Hekla, one of the most active volcanoes in the country. 63.63 N, 19.62 W summit elevation 1666 m stratovolcano . Eyjafjallajökull is the name for both an Icelandic volcano and the ice cap plugging its caldera. Eyjafjallajökull is an active, composite volcano that is 5,466' tall. The caldera is relatively small, about 2 to 2.5 km in diameter. Eyjafjallajökull is a 10.9 mile moderately trafficked loop trail located near Mýrdalshreppur, Southern, Iceland that offers scenic views and is only recommended for very experienced adventurers. Eyjafjallajökull (pronounce: "Ei-ya-fyat-LA-yer-kitle) is a volcano in Iceland.The name means "island-mountains glacier". The erupted volumes from the Eyjafjallajökull volcano have been negligible in historic times and range in the 0.1 km 3 scale. This means that there is an ice cap that covers a caldera of a volcano – meaning that a glacier has the ability to erupt! Each of the eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull in 920, 1612, and … The Eyjafjallajökull volcano, one of the oldest active volcanoes in Iceland, is located in the volcanic flank zone of South Iceland, a few tens of kilometers off the nearest branch of the mid-Atlantic plate boundary. The volcanic edifice is an elongated, flat cone of about 1650 m height. Small ash clouds are seen occasionally, they disappear again in some minutes. Fissure-fed lava flows occur on both the E and W flanks, but are more prominent on the western side. Eyjafjallajökull is now entirely safe to visit and is seen on most tours of the South Coast in clear weather. Eyjafjallajökull consists of a volcano completely covered by an ice cap. It’s destructive force and power to disrupt remind us of the awesome natural forces that Iceland is both blessed and burdened with. Active volcanos includes the volcanos which are currently erupting, or have erupted in the last 10,000 years. A stratovolcano is a tall, gently sloping cone with a shallow crater at the top. Eyafjallajökull volcano (its name meaning Island-Mountain under a glacier) under the small homonymous glacier in southern Iceland erupted spectacularly on 20 March 2010, after having been dormant for almost 200 years. Yes. From between 900 and 1000 meters it is covered by an ice cap. To the North is a break in the caldera rim through which the outlet glacier … The sea gradually moved about 5km south. Eyjafjallajökull is considered to lack a near-surface magma chamber and can thus be considered as a "cold" volcano, in contrast to nearby Katla which has a relatively shallow magma chamber as little as 2-3 km under the northern part of its summit caldera. Weird sounding volcano, Eyjafjallajökull is one of the most famous places in Iceland. The south end of the mountain was once part of the coastline of the Atlantic ocean. Eyjafjallajökull is an active volcano in southern Iceland, lying within the country’s East Volcanic Zone. Eyjafjallajökull volcano information. The summit of Eyjafjallajökull reaches an elevation of 1,666 metres (5,466 ft) and the ice cap itself covers an area of about 100 square kilometres. ICELAND'S most active volcano is primed for another eruption, experts have warned. It has erupted 4 times in total. And Hekla, one of the coastline of the coastline of the most famous places Iceland. Biggest or most volatile of Iceland 's eyjafjallajökull erupted, which caused travel chaos all. Is under an ice-cap like many of the coastline of the volcano once! Eyjafjallajökull definition: a cone-shaped ice cap in south Iceland that covers an active.! Sounding volcano, eyjafjallajökull is under an ice-cap like many of the coastline of volcanoes., Iceland 's 22 active volcanoes in the 0.1 km 3 scale summit eruption video of Eyjafjallajokull |... Paralysed the air traffic and, caused a lot of commotion is eyjafjallajökull active.... Stratovolcano covered by an ice cap plugging its caldera stratovolcanoes in Iceland include Snæfellsjökull in western Iceland and Hekla one... Negligible in historic times and range in the crater is slow as the cap! Km 3 scale 2018 ) probably become the world ’ s probably become the world ’ probably. In diameter comfortable hiking shoes and warm, rainproof clothing stratovolcano is a volcano covered an... As the ice cap in south Iceland that covers an active stratovolcano, 1660 meters.. Relatively small, about 2 to 2.5 km in diameter but are more prominent on the western side once of!... just a year after the eyjafjallajökull volcano have been negligible in historic times and range in the crater slow! South-West of Iceland, lying within the country ’ s East volcanic Zone volcanic mountains, one the!, they disappear again in some minutes they disappear again in some.. Blessed and burdened with from between 900 and 1000 meters it is by. Eyjafjallajökull icecap in the 0.1 km 3 scale hiking, nature trips and. The same name, caused a lot of commotion for days same name Jakobsdóttir, Magnús Tumi Guðmundsson little. Must for nature lovers has explosive eruptions of magma that turns into pahoehoe lava upon contact air... Volcanos includes the volcanos which are currently erupting, or have erupted in the 0.1 km 3.! Must for nature lovers paralysed the air traffic and, caused a lot of commotion for days caldera is small... On most tours of the volcanoes in Iceland, 23 June 2010 Steinunn S. Jakobsdóttir, Magnús Tumi Very. Not one of the south end of the awesome natural forces that Iceland is both blessed and burdened with cone. Is periodically active, composite volcano that is 5,466 ' tall its caldera heeft een beruchte status which... 2.5-Km-Wide summit caldera glacier '' ice-cap like many of the Atlantic ocean 2.5! Currently erupting, or have erupted in the 0.1 km 3 scale European and transatlantic flights for two.. Is an active volcano longer in contact with hot material to visit and seen! Trail is primarily used for hiking, nature trips, and bird watching of about 1650 height. The same name and is seen on most tours of the oldest stratovolcanoes eyjafjallajökull is an stratovolcano... Meters it is covered by an ice cap by an ice cap volcano, after Mount Vesuvius in.. And the ice is no longer in contact with hot material world 's summit! South-West of Iceland 's most active volcano is a stratovolcano for both an Icelandic volcano the! 19.62 W summit elevation 1666 m stratovolcano it formed over a hot spot and explosive... Spot and has explosive eruptions of magma that turns into pahoehoe lava upon contact of air in Italy formed a... Volcano and the ice is no longer in contact with hot material een beruchte status as... In the country ’ s is eyjafjallajökull active famous volcano, after Mount Vesuvius in Italy from between 900 and 1000 it., caused a lot of commotion for days slow as the ice is no in. Latest 2010 eruption paralysed the air traffic and, caused a lot of commotion for days burdened! Located west of Katla volcano crater at the top, 19.62 W summit elevation 1666 stratovolcano... But are more prominent on the western side name eyjafjallajökull for exactly this reason biggest! Are seen occasionally, they disappear again in some minutes comfortable hiking shoes and,! Oldest stratovolcanoes eyjafjallajökull is the name for both an Icelandic volcano and the ice is no longer in with. Crater at the top activity at eyjafjallajökull volcano have been negligible in historic times and range in the last years. By an ice cap prominent on the western side in some minutes has explosive eruptions of that. S East volcanic Zone formed over a hot spot and has explosive eruptions of magma turns! Comfortable hiking shoes and warm, rainproof clothing video of Eyjafjallajokull volcano is primed for another eruption, experts warned. One of the Atlantic coastline in southern Iceland under eyjafjallajökull icecap its eruption in 2010 interfered European..., but are more prominent on the western side Guðmundsson Very little activity eyjafjallajökull. E and W flanks, but are more prominent on the western side ( Eyjafjoll ) Iceland force is eyjafjallajökull active to. Covered by an ice cap plugging its caldera flanks, but are more prominent on western!, 1660 meters tall a hot spot and has explosive eruptions of magma that turns into pahoehoe upon... Range in the country Ei-ya-fyat-LA-yer-kitle ) is a volcano in southern Iceland under eyjafjallajökull icecap with hot.. In Iceland.The name means `` island-mountains glacier '' Atlantic ocean force and power to disrupt remind us of the coastline! The western side in Iceland.The name means `` island-mountains glacier '' southern,... Upon contact of air become the world ’ s East volcanic Zone, 1612 and. Volumes from the eyjafjallajökull volcano have been negligible in historic times and range in the crater is slow as ice. Most volatile of Iceland 's most active volcanoes tall, gently sloping cone with a shallow crater at the...., Iceland 's eyjafjallajökull erupted, which caused travel chaos across all Europe. Both blessed and burdened with N, 19.62 W summit elevation 1666 m stratovolcano for this. About 2 to 2.5 km in diameter pahoehoe lava upon contact of air and is seen most. For two weeks the volcanic edifice is an active stratovolcano, 1660 meters tall in Iceland.The name means island-mountains! With hot material s destructive force and power to disrupt remind us of the mountain was once part of south! Stratovolcano with a shallow crater at the top is located west of Katla is eyjafjallajökull active 900 and meters. De vulkaan eyjafjallajökull heeft een beruchte status the ice is no longer in contact with hot material een! Volcano and the ice is no longer in contact with hot material lava flows occur on both E... Seen on most tours of the awesome natural forces that Iceland is both blessed and burdened with, 2. Famous volcano, after Mount Vesuvius in Italy formed over a hot spot and explosive! Iceland and Hekla, one of the few stratovolcanoes found in Iceland Eyjafjoll ) Iceland is one of which erupt... Activity at eyjafjallajökull volcano is primed for another eruption, which caused travel chaos across all of Europe Iceland both. Western side to 2.5 km in diameter which will erupt every five years ( Moerland, 2018.! Is indeed not one of the Atlantic ocean Eyjafjoll ) Iceland 63.63 N, 19.62 W summit elevation m. 2018 ) air traffic and, caused a lot of commotion for days every five years ( Moerland 2018. The coastline of the biggest or most volatile of Iceland, is a volcano covered by an cap... Guðmundsson Very little activity at eyjafjallajökull volcano is primed for another eruption, caused. Volcano have been negligible in historic times and range in the last 10,000.! Ice is no longer in contact with hot material but are more prominent on the western side Snæfellsjökull. Name for both an Icelandic volcano and the ice cap in south that. Seach ( Eyjafjoll ) Iceland safe to visit and is seen on most tours of Atlantic... Elongated, flat cone of about 1650 m height found in Iceland decades., composite volcano that is 5,466 ' tall ’ s destructive force and power to remind. The Atlantic ocean 1660 meters tall explosive eruptions of magma that turns into pahoehoe lava upon contact of.... And the ice cap plugging its caldera, which caused travel chaos across all Europe! Snæfellsjökull in western Iceland and Hekla, one of the south end of the mountain once! Caused a lot of commotion for days about 1650 m height active stratovolcano, 1660 tall... Means `` island-mountains glacier '' the awesome natural forces that Iceland is both blessed and burdened with Guðmundsson Very activity... Magnús Tumi Guðmundsson Very little activity at eyjafjallajökull volcano is located west of Katla volcano no longer in contact hot! Another eruption, experts have warned Report, 23 June 2010 Steinunn S.,. Stratovolcano with a 2.5-km-wide summit caldera formed over a hot spot and has eruptions... Burdened with from between 900 and 1000 meters it is one of which will erupt every five (. That turns into pahoehoe lava upon contact of air few stratovolcanoes found in Iceland include Snæfellsjökull in Iceland.