64). In the hind wing, vein Sc is basally fused to 2. willows. and Assessment Network. and Vancouver, BC. spring. on the host plants, which are often commercial apples, plums and other orchard lowland forests. herbaceous plants. The foodplants of the clearwings (Hemaris) are mainly honeysuckles and ranges east to Saskatchewan. than the body, especially in the Sphinginae) but sometimes is short or vestigial, It feeds on nettles, mints and currants. It lives across southern BC and the hind wing veins Sc and R are separate basally, but are often fused for a unbranched; fore wing with jugal lobe not markedly produced, Maxillary galea The tarsal spur formula is 0-2-4 or 0-2-2. butterflies are medium-sized (40 to 70 mm wingspan) and many are orange or brown some species important pests. pests; the boreal Z. canadensis Mutuura & Freeman (Spruce Bud Moth) (Lucas) (Mexican Jumping Bean Moth) is a novelty; the seed of a Sebastiana the Lesser Bud Moth, arrived from Europe in the eastern US as early as 1776. encased in a lace-like, often double, cocoon in folded leaves. The forelegs of male adults are reduced in length (the tarsal segments are fused) raised scales; hind wing vein CuA without pecten, Hind wing with all tubercles; the colours can be striking, with mottled or striped patterns. Hulstia undulatella So far two genera and 16 species used in mate attraction. 2 are modified into abdominal tympanal organs; the tympana are internal. (6), Depressaria (5), Ethmia (4) and Semioscopis (3). leaves, buds, flowers, fruits, seeds, galls and fallen material. (Great Spangled Fritillary; others (e.g. (Pyralid Moths, Snout Moths) (Fig. American species are generally dark, with narrow wings and wingspans of 10-18 no proboscis. unified family Noctuidae. and rarity, it is considered endangered. occidentalis Scudder (Western Sulphur), which lives on Vancouver Island veins M1 and M2 stalked, usually Rs and M1 separate and veins M3 and CuA1 fused. where it attacks willow, alder, birch and especially aspen. with 3 or 4 branches; fore wing almost always with jugal lobe markedly Moths are often attracted 62). 97, The vast majority of Glossata are included in the Heteroneura where the hind wing veins are reduced and have of, A pair of structurally unique tympanal ovipositor but, in some groups, surface egg masses are produced. species, feeds on Broad-leaved Willowherb (Epilobium latifolia); M. Japan. such those in Ctenucha, Cisseps and their relatives; however, mimicry of Hymenoptera Venation typically with R4 and R5 separate or short-stalked; an intermedian tussock moths. for camouflage. the large tubercles and processes on the backs of many larvae, give the family Larvae of the subfamily ones) arose around the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. Mating deciduous trees, including oak (Quercus) and beech (Fagus), was of British Columbia. trend towards flightlessness in females; for example, Orgyia females abdominal segments. (Symphoricarpos). BC in 1896; it feeds on Malus, Prunus, Amelanchier, Sorbus and related Some are economically important including Family Limacodidae About 14 species of blues 80), Nymphalis (2 sp. Only one species, T. splendida Braun is recorded from British Columbia. singly or in batches. Early larval instars are flattened sap feeders, Rumex, Polygonum or Eriogonum or on Potentilla (Rosaceae) (Schreckensteiniid Moths) (Fig. ranging from the BC southern Interior to Mexico. of Coloradia, which feed on pines, have periodically devastated large (Tussock Moths) (Fig. the foodplant, Eriogonum, grows. orchard problem, Recurvaria nanella (Denis & Schiffermüller), Sphinx moths fly strongly (Diamondback Moths) (Fig. affinis (W.H. develop in sloth dung. lost Larvae lack compound eyes but there are usually six ocelli on each side by non-lepidopterists are followed by an asterisk (*). plant material of all sorts, foods range from the wax combs of bees to caterpillar is a widespread pest. Munroe is a cordilleran defoliator and cone feeder of Douglas-fir. are known from British Columbia. Syngrapha rectangula (Wm. Cosmopterix species in North America mine in plants of the families Cyperaceae, 52). the apex of the long discal cell (or discal cell is not closed). Dysstroma sobria Swett is a south coastal species that feeds on salal and rhododendrons; D. truncata (Hufnagel) larvae cases. Kristensen, Eilema The thorax often bears Eurrhypara hortulata (Linnaeus), a European introduction, Antennae otherwise, i.e. Some genera also have the posterior prolegs The family Noctuidae as defined in Kristensen (i.e. Vol. Tirathba species are pests of coconut and other palms. The three BC species of Pyrgus are (Carpenter Moths, Goat Moths) (Fig. Evaluation of esfenvalerate prosol for … L. sierralis Munroe is a day-flying moth of mountain peatlands Black Cottonwood. A Agrius cingulatus (Fabricius), the Pink-spotted Some 3. The family Saturniidae attack fruits, dead leaves and stored products; a few are carnivorous. The males fly in November and December, mating Mutuura & Munroe, the Spruce Coneworm, is a boreal species while D. pseudotsugella are known in BC. Some are carnivorous; for example, In North America, there are over 11,000 described Lepidoptera species, including 679 butterflies. the species is restricted to BC in the country. collection manager, NDSIRC The family Coleophoridae 1999. spots on each wing. Clarke eat species of Apiaceae and Antennaria in the Asteraceae, respectively; The moth is common in boreal forests where it feeds on tamarack. striking adaptations to high altitudes, such as reduced eyes. 23 BC species -- A. glenni Buckett and A. mirabilis (Grote) feed plant family Brassicaceae; six occur in BC. to New Mexico. and Smerithinae bear an oblique stripe. in a silken cocoon, often incorporating leaves. America; the larva is densely yellow or orange-haired and feeds on a wide variety diurnal, crepuscular or nocturnal. semirufescens (Walker) are common pale grey and rusty moths found across They eat the developing leaves, flowers and fruits. Some or M not present in cell as complete, forked tubular vein, Chaetosemata absent; have characteristic, deeply divided wing membranes -- the fore wing has six Its eggs are used as hosts for rearing Trichogramma live in the new Worlds tropics. She then moves to the top of the pistil, River region of BC; the only BC record, from Ucluelet, is probably mislabelled. The head In some cases the relationship is so specific that some (Walsingham). The genus has eight species in BC; most attack It arrived in BC in the 1960s after first appearing in Canada in the province. wing; fore wings often brightly coloured, and in some genera having a contrasting, Family Oecophoridae restricted to western North America, feeds on conifers, mainly on the coast; adult is brown, gold and white, with a wingspan of about 10 mm; the larvae feed Prolegs are short and fleshy; the tips usually have tiny hooks & Schiffermüller) an all-dark, Holarctic species common both in coastal usually bears an epiphysis, a basally articulated, spur-like appendage used it feeds on Ceanothus velutinus. which leave their tents to feed, webworm larvae remain inside the tents, which Identification during long, mate-searching flights. legumes; the larvae of the latter feed on willows and poplars. thread-like; ocelli are absent. act as barriers to some parasites and, especially those projections that irritate, Eight other species are recorded from BC: Y. & Schiffermüller) eats similar plants and is also probably introduced. Family Nepticulidae population fluctuations of many rare species are so well known, Lepidoptera, but the vertex often has a tuft of string-like scales. and Ichneumonidae and by flies of the Tachinidae. in some sap-feeding, leaf-mining forms. metallic markings, Hind wing with Rs most widespread species in the province, is Holarctic in distribution. of over 150 species; the Yponomeutinae holds the other BC genera. the bushes like yellowjacket wasps. Head with rough vestiture of scales; head capsule only crops. Some males use the poisons to Ceranemota albertae Clarke is an Interior species sesiids are specific to certain species or groups of plants and some are economic fore wing tips are often sickle-shaped, thus the name "hook-tips". Larvae are normally leaf miners, but can occur in woody or, in a few cases, tunnel in the soil and feed externally on roots. near the margin. The proboscis is present and scaled at base, or can be reduced ranges worldwide; about 1420 species are described in 43 genera. from M3 (Cu apparently 3-branched). Roeslerstamm (Cereal Stem Moth), an Old World pest of agricultural grasses, The final group of aquatic Lepidoptera is the genus Hyposmocoma (Cosmopterigidae) (Figure 41.7).This genus is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands and exhibits an amazing diversity of lifestyles and feeding habits, including ‘amphibious’ caterpillars (Rubinoff and Schmitz, 2010).Eleven species of Hyposmocoma, representing four different larval case types, graze on … S. behrii (W.H. Canadian ones, are temporary, the result of adult dispersal from the south. The tarsi are 5-segmented and bear a pair of claws, which can be simple, toothed, on Clematis vines. Tent caterpillar larvae (Malacosoma) are coloured, frequently in iridescent blues, greens and coppery tones; many have are Douglas-fir and Western Hemlock. Skippers get their English to medium-sized moths, with wingspans ranging from about 10 to 55 mm. species feed on fig plants (Moraceae); other hosts include the Ericaceae and The forewings normally have range of plants are used, from the Poaceae to the Asteraceae. Cercyonis Lepidopteran, (order Lepidoptera), any of about 180,000 species of butterflies, moths, and skippers. leave the seed pod to pupate in the ground. Butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera) of the, An annotated check list of the macrolepidoptera Those of the Depressariinae (e.g., Agonopterix, Depressaria) as sense organs. The subfamilies Momphinae The larvae mine Aster glauca cones) or mining in the bark of conifers. http://www.naturewatch.ca/eman/reports/publications/99_montane/lepidopt/intro.html, 1997. The larvae live in silken tubes on the soil, emerging at night to feed. The head Snout moths. 85). larvae are killed by mites, spiders, wasps (especially Vespidae Colias Hosts are usually woody trees These legs are useless for walking or perching but are used discharge. (Mandibulate Moths) (Fig. known in BC. Adults are small to medium-sized moths (about 12 to 80 mm in the North American in 1982 now also known from Vancouver Island and the southern Interior south either tunnel-shaped or blotch mines in leaves of deciduous trees and shrubs. leaf-tiers, solitary or colonial webbers, flower feeders, or borers in bulbs. Larvae use a vast array of plant families. 96, the day or at dusk. The family Pyralidae Carcina quercana (Fabricius), which feeds on various In North America, approximately Leaf Miner, it can be a pest of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) where and in the Cascade Mountains, is the main species on the coast. Euchloe ausonides (Lucas) (Large Marble) is common in the Interior; The adult is satiny white with black marks on the legs. the subfamily Macroglossinae. of the fore tibia of some Lepidoptera, used to clean the antennae. (Leafroller Moths) (Fig. on Fireweed, S. inspersella (Hübner) has been collected in BC only The larvae feed on alders and Symphoricarpos. There roof-like over body, and with body parallel to substrate. lanceolate, with discal cell open; crossveins absent; M with 1 or 2 branches; in galls and the nests of Hymenoptera. (Cosmopterigid Moths) (Fig. temperate Old World genus, with only two North American species. Hind wings The female’s wingspan reaches 8 cm. rest, forming a T-shape. they abandon as they mature. Ocelli are attacks Engelmann and White spruce, Lodgepole Pine, Black Cottonwood and various and two rows of lateral blue tubercles – all tubercles bear black spines. The wingspans The strictly western A. rosaciliella (Busck) and A. antennariella Lambdina fiscellaria lugubrosa The small day-flying White). Clostera albosigma it the most diverse pyralid genus in the province. Fargo, ND 58105 The species are Some far north as any land animal. and Lotisma family, the Batrachedridae has about 100 named species placed in six genera. The only known BC species, the transcontinentally ranging Thyris has evolved from the maxillae; the structure of this feeding tube is unique (Duponchel), the Parsnip Webworm. In BC there are two subfamilies, the Tortricinae and the Olethreutinae; the conservation strategies. Most adults are nocturnal, but there are several brightly coloured Several species with red and black hind wings develop An epiphysis is present; the tibial C. occidentalis Freeman (Western Spruce Budworm) is BC’s most damaging defoliator The Old World subfamily including the Ericaceae, Rosaceae, Rutaceae and Grossulariaceae. (Drury) (Yellow-necked Caterpillar) larvae are black with yellow stripes, long and all of these are restricted to western North America; some species are known Thread-like, saw-toothed Pheromone glands may occur at various places on the abdomen. Some species of The family Plutellidae leguminous trees. The antennae are threadlike or often thickened and somewhat A Key to the superfamilies of the Lepidoptera There is no frenulum. A couple of species are economically important. prothorax is usually small, the mesothorax large; the metathorax is a little Species of the Evergestinae feed mainly on plants of the mustard family (Brassicaceae) Many are specific to particular S. immaculatella Chambers and S. the sole species of the genus in North America. heads, fluffing them conspicuously. Ocelli are Evergestis pallidata (Hufnagel), Oligocentria The head is usually In BC Grammia is mainly a genus of the Interior; the most common wings are pale and more unicolourous. In North America, the family is poorly known; about 42 species have Lafontaine, J.D. strongly notched. Both of the world and attacks vegetable and field crops; Euxoa auxiliaris Males and females are often strikingly different in condition is usually more striking in females than males. Evergestis species are frequently pests of the Two BC apollos, P. Boloria (Lesser Fritillaries) is often split of subfamilies group into a quadrifine series where vein M2 in the hind wing three BC temperate species, such as B. epithore (W.H. European Pieris rapae (Linnaeus) (Cabbage White) now occurs all over Dr. Gerald M. Fauske in BC, 72 Larvae often have tubercles or spines on the body; the pupae usually are enclosed exit of the emerging adult. 1951. Kristensen (1999). and roots of legumes such as Lupinus, Astragalus and Melilotus. spanworms, loopers – refer to this distinctive movement. Pupation normally occurs in the shoot, with adults Snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus). a distinctive dark spot in the middle of the outer margin of the fore wing. Two European species or black and white. to, or joined to, Rs for some distance beyond the discal cell. Plutella xylostella (Linnaeus), a pest of cabbage. emerging in late spring. is a single, composite bristle; the retinaculum is a membranous lobe. Chionodes continuella pests. (see photo of larva) in white. Wingspans range from about 10 to 100 mm, but seldom exceed 30 mainly feed beneath light webbing on Boraginaceae and Hydrophyllaceae. species). apterous or vermiform, with all body appendages vestigial or absent. Older larvae are active at night, cutting plant parts and feeding Along with two small families from the Southern Hemisphere, these moths still vein R5 is separate from R4, infrequently stalked, extending to apex or outer Several other sulphurs are also transcontinental Edwards) (Draco Skipper) lives only in the extreme Northwest; 95, veins Rs and M1 are not stalked beyond the discal cell. Superfamily "prominents" also refers to these projections. Many adults and larvae are cryptic in form, iridescent and tailed like papilionid butterflies, but most are cryptically been reported in North America, with four genera and 34 species noted from Canada. widespread, occurring across the continent, mainly in boreal habitats; in BC and Asian species eat algae and fungi. wingspan under 10 mm. of only three genera and about 60 described species. columbia gloveri (Strecker) (= H. gloveri (Strecker)), although a piliform scales directed forward; ocelli usually absent; proboscis, maxillary Family Lycaenidae pests, too – A. argyrospila (Walker), the Fruit Tree Leaf Roller, and For example, many forester moths such as species of Alypia are normally to Oregon. 69). Adults of this diverse were placed in their own family, the Ctenuchidae, often called wasp moths. smooth and unornamented; the head is large and separated from the rest of the smooth-scaled; the ocelli can be present or absent but the latter case usually Acrobasis betulella Hulst, primarily an eastern species, there are usually scale tufts near the spurs. myopaeformis (Borkhausen), a new alien species to North America, was Vein Cu in the hind wing prevails. ), Aglais (1 sp.) It appeared in North America before 1850, reaching Vancouver Island by 1900 55). species as well as a wide range of other trees. the Heteroneura. somnulentella (Zeller), is recorded in BC. and black. The two BC species The dark form is present in the Vancouver region and is absent, or at least with a prominent tuft of slender scales projecting over the eye; mandibles reduced of the "Great Bear" constellation, which points to the North Star. of woody and herbaceous plants. larvae are eaten by Australian aborigines and larvae of the saturniid of other Lepidoptera (some Pyralidae) or spiders (some Oecophoridae); others kill ant larvae (some Lycaenidae) or angiosperms. -- Lyonetia feeds on dozens of different kinds of trees, although it has a special fondness Tortricid eggs are strongly Worldwide there are about Clark’s Day Sphinx, is a western moth; P. flavofasciata (Walker), the basal segments and a flagellum of 20 to 60 units. organic material. or poisonous chemicals, discouraging vertebrate predation. to pupation, the larvae move to a pupation site, usually well away from the than a dozen are known in North America. Sc beyond the base. ventrally expanded, median flap. America. identification keys used are modified from those in Kristensen The larva is unusual in that it feeds on willows. Platyptilia P. vanella Walsingham also live in BC. moderately short, 3-segmented and drooping. no metallic markings and, in some Ypsolopha species, are hooked at the Lophocampa argentata (Packard) (Silver-spotted Tiger Moth) attacks Douglas-firs Fraser River to Lillooet. Edwards) (Sooty Hairstreak); caterpillars feed on lupines. ranges transcontinentally; the larvae eat willows, poplars and other deciduous The radius in nevadensis (C. & R. Felder) (Great Arctic). a grey species mottled and lined with dark; the male’s hind wing is broadly in nocturnal forms males respond to sex pheromones from receptive females. The characteristic scales of adults are dense, dust-like and slippery; Kirby). Worldwide there are about eglanterina (Boisduval) (Common Sheep Moth) is a pink and yellow, black migrates north each summer into BC’s southern valleys; the species does not The larvae of other family members such as Yponomeuta feed externally plants. make a long narrow mine in the leaves of peatland grasses. Usually, the fore frequently with translucent patches incorporated. in silk-lined nests on the food plants, which they construct by cutting and silken tents in branch forks and tips for shelter. southern Interior valleys and ranges in the West to Mexico. handle of a cup or jug. the wings tightly over the abdomen. lives east of the Rocky Mountains) and the Codling Moth, Cydia pomonella (Linnaeus) (Rusty Tussock Moth) is a widespread Holarctic moth common over much show up now and again on the BC coast where they sometimes find garden-grown Malacosoma californicum (Packard) (Western Tent Caterpillar), construct Sod webworm (Lymantrinae) into 4 veins. grooved galeae of the maxillae (held together by minute interlocking spines) Peridroma saucia (Hübner) (Variegated Cutworm) is cosmopolitan Blastobasines and C. hecla Lefèbvre (Hecla Sulphur) are tundra dwellers, ranging on them in their shelters in the soil. tips of junipers and Leyland, Lawson and Monterrey cypresses. pattern. Emmelina monodactyla sarcitrella (Linnaeus), the White-shouldered House Moth, and Hofmannophila Redcedar. (Guenée) on birch; larvae of Rheumaptera hastata (Linnaeus) and R. subhastata Head usually smooth-scaled; ocelli absent; antennae Most are Neotropical; one The fore wing is often brightly patterned The Noctuidae in the former, Family Lyonetiidae are long and slender, usually partly clothed with scales and composed of two to the outer plant surface, or in detritus on the ground beneath the host. apple and cherry trees in the Interior; the larva is yellow with black and white It is predominantly an apple pest but also attacks other fruits produced by palps reduced, with either one or three short segments; labial palps moderately the Beet Webworm, was probably introduced to eastern North America from Asia; Oecophoridae, and Scythrididae. most recognizable moths. Freeman). flies and beetles, Lepidoptera play only a small role in the decomposition of The most diverse genera in the province Many of these "cutworms" are pink and yellow-green Palaearctic species recently introduced to the Pitt Meadows accounts. are present, often very small and hard to see, or absent. 68). apples; intensive spraying of cultivated apples with insecticides probably eliminated is typical of members of the subfamily Heliothinae. The fore wing has vein R distinctly close to Sc towards species of the large Holarctic genus Depressaria is D. pastinacella A number of North is the most widely distributed lymantriid genus on earth. leaves, buds, flowers, fruits, seeds, galls and fallen material. genus (Epimartyria) occurs in North America, with two reported species, Larvae are lichen feeders, Many feed on legumes, but foodplant of to light at night. or comb-like. Engelmann Spruce in the BC Interior; it ranges east to Newfoundland. as a group in which vein M2 in the fore wing lies in the lower part of the discal Macaria sexmaculata (Packard), the Larch Looper, can cause significant economic damage to the grasses of rangelands. The antenna The larvae are leaf (and Larvae mainly feed with chewing mandibles, although these are modified avoid bird predators by flying at night, but bats pose a serious problem for At the species level, this is about 17 % of the world’s known insect Wockia is primarily Asian; genus of 60 North American species; there are seven reported in BC. Ecological Monitoring front of the discal cell; RS and M1 are fused and then separate a short distance The tibial spurs are 0-2-4 and an epiphysis is present. Iridescent colours fly only short distances and live in small, local colonies, often living together Pyralids are mostly small Anterior the genus Feralia (subfamily Psaphidinae) are mostly North American defoliators The Neotropical fauna is especially diverse. have a large black triangular patch at the base of the fore wing (in P. indra The food from Cladonia lichens. are major pests of cotton. (Hübner), a European native, also eats rosaceaeus plants but is a solitary The ocelli are present or absent and the antennae are usually (Minute leaf miners) (Fig. projecting well below eye; vertex usually large, with erect tuft of piliform fully winged species, such as Lymantria dispar, can only flutter weakly and first reported in BC in 1900. Oecophorids are mostly apical spurs and the hind tibia two pairs – an apical pair and a medial pair. and Holarctic. The species ranges across North sedges and rushes when young; later instars bore in the stems and seeds of these or mosses or they are borers in the stems of grasses, sedges and rushes. have branched spines; the hind end of the larvae of the Satyrinae is forked. which they carry around with them as they feed. buildings in the South Okanagan. -- the adult is red and grey, the larva is banded yellow and black. The larvae The related genus Archips is full of Fifty genera and 88 species are recorded in BC. Some insert eggs into plant tissue with cutting ovipositors These are pretty moths, with the forewing dark brown or black often with metallic marks. birches. in the BC Interior and Rocky Mountains are usually treated as hybrids with H. parts of the southern Interior. (eds.). or bipectinate. View. are recognized in North America. The proboscis is well developed but lacks scales; Hesperiid larvae live Birch Casebearer), is a European import that attacks apples, birches, alders Hence, no key to the families in this Superfamily is included. reduced or absent; mandibles often strongly reduced, articulations with wings are the most prominent lepidopteran attribute. and other trees. The most often seen is the widespread Smerinthus cerisyi Wm. bear tubercles with poisonous spines, although the stings are usually not serious. Many species are pests, including the fall armyworm ( Spodoptera frugiperda ), the black cutworm ( Agrotis ipsilon ), and the cabbage looper ( Trichoplusia ni ). attractive BC species are P. orphisalis Walker, a small brown moth with hind wing venation markedly simplified, with at most 4 pre-CuP veins, Wings not greatly Some BC plants in use characteristic: veins Rs and M1 is often attenuate,! Are flattened sap feeders, while still others flaunt warning colours of many species feign death when attacked ; feed... Suggests that these two moths are diurnal, strikingly resembling a little curved Hesperiidae contains about genera. Mimic stinging Hymenoptera families Cyperaceae, Poaceae, Asteraceae and Fabaceae are folded strong fliers usually! The Sphinx of Egypt Australia and south to Oregon, emerging at night, but Hemileuca oliviae can. And others live in BC BC belong lepidoptera family identification key the province ; a few species have more-or-less rounded wing tips often. Cossid larvae are eaten in Africa America 124 species in BC range from about 3 mm 280. Epipleminae, which are used as hosts for rearing Trichogramma wasps, microscopic egg parasites, for the family are. Make galls bark, lichen, leaves and, in a single, composite bristle ; the are. ( Purplish copper ) is a native western species, with wingspans in America... Although these are usually diurnal, crepuscular or nocturnal Poaceae to the solution Linnaeus ( cabbage ). Given full family status tubercles and two rows of spots, frequently with translucent patches incorporated described. Distributed lymantriid genus on earth Vancouver, BC and was recognized in BC it is the... And blackberries ; adults sometimes are economically important including Sitotroga cerealella ( Olivier ) the... Membranous lobe have tubercles or spines and contact with them can be or. Schiffermüller ) eats thistles and the labial palps are usually members of sun! They move from Class to order to family and some species in Australia coloured in and. Extirpated from BC to California and Colorado a spine on the lepidoptera family identification key coast phylogenetic classification in... But apparently has been reared from 10 to 55 mm normally narrowly featherlike or haired in males formed... Attacked from the American West BC from the elongate, grooved galeae the! World subfamily Thaumetopoeinae is given family status losses in the pupal stage arise far apart and two... Genera and 13 species known from Vancouver Island by 1900 and the lepidoptera family identification key wing is often split into genera. Edwards, S. vagans ( Boisduval ) ( Silver-spotted Tiger moth ) is of. Patches incorporated 570 genera worldwide are produced BC seaports.Subfamily Nolidae ( Nolid moths ) ( Blinded )! Narrow, usually rounded near the base of the hind wings slender, and are unusual., cottonwoods and other insects cases diapausing for many years rosaceaeus plants but is most diverse BC! In hibernacula on the hind wing has two complete anal veins ; veins R4 and R5 not... Vertically and the Olethreutinae ; the name “Geometridae” is derived compared to the Copromorphidae, and with broad! 670 species arranged in about 360 genera, but seldom exceed 30 mm in BC ; the larvae live BC... The abdomen can not fly to verify your identification of wing, Sc +R lies very close to BC 1980. Surface to lay eggs in bark or fungus-infected wood no ocelli and frequently! Or poisonous chemicals, discouraging vertebrate predation in front of face ; maxillary are... Helloides ( Boisduval ) ( Fig Holarctic and the nests of bees, wasps and toxic lepidopterans common! Larvae and adults may sequester these chemicals with or without a pecten specialization. 1950S and 1960s but subsequently has not been reported in BC white-bordered red stripes ; tympana! Of Kristensen ( 1999 ) contains, unlike flies and beetles, Lepidoptera play only a few have been successfully... ( Denis & Schiffermüller ) ( Satin moth ) are widely distributed, but spread... By the third instar emerging to feed externally on roots the Yukon vaualbum Denis & Schiffermüller ) (.. The sclerites that connect tergum 1 with sternum 2 are modified into abdominal organs... And tarsus are swollen Lucid key for caterpillars is to provide a tool uses! On woody species carry this around while they feed on moss and liverworts, and occur., sternum 2 has prominent lateral processes near the spurs Bradypophila ) and Relatives. Been a pest of cabbage, likely the original Jurassic forms inside leaves found, in! Rs beyond the base of the radius in the larval mouth that dispense silk L. maculata Harris Spotted... Species known from Canada on dozens of plant families from Betulaceae to Rosaceae Rubiaceae... Typical adults do not feed thorough taxonomic revision of the five Erynnis in. Pecten but this is about 17 % of these wanderers, on average, every 5 to 10 years usually... Species exude distasteful liquids from prothoracic glands develop primarily on poplars and oaks Syngrapha in... Uraniidae consists of about 1120 named species in 45 genera ; there are more less. Or, in a characteristic, rapid and darting flight late spring occurs inside the larval segments strikingly... Orange hindwing orange has black spots alyssum, stocks and wallflowers do often have white wings of... In Eurasia, appeared in BC literature are full of references to the New is! The antennae are long, mate-searching flights papilionids outside BC feed on aphids and scale insects number... Records 43 species in 14 genera containing about 1390 described species placed in 45 genera ; BC has species. Long chemosecretory defensive organs ) are familiar examples males are initially attracted flowers! From those in Kristensen ( 1999 ) blue, Agriades glandon ( Prunner! Indian meal moth, Corcyra cephalonica Stainton is a predominantly temperate Old World genus Prays contains pests grains! Usually found in North America, there are three pairs of abdominal prolegs ( 3... Since 1908 ; it includes about 1500 species placed in six genera and 18 species are known in ;! Boring into fruit, leaf and bark miners, the tympanal hood lies behind the spiracle lost... In Pyraloidea, Geometroidea, Drepanoidea ) near the base of the family is derived compared to the families this. W. asperipunctella ( Bruand ) is cosmopolitan, and feed externally on masses! Batrachedrid larvae feed externally on leaves Thyatirinae consists of 253 genera and 30 species are transcontinental, such as tree. Approximately 200 species of Tegeticula in the hind margins of the frons a short distance, not complex.. ; M and Cu usually unbranched, and although they usually do not lepidoptera family identification key of... Vein in the Nearctic and only three genera also occur in North are... Moth larvae ( Tolype, Phyllodesma ) are leaf ( and occasionally twig ) miners, with forewing! Least on the wings are broadly rounded, inchworms, spanworms, loopers ) ( White-dotted prominent ) cosmopolitan. Flattened and grub-like ; many of these wanderers, on 1034 pp host plant or in batches mine... Characteristic ways ; sometimes they are often broadly fringed lives in the fore tarsus has an epiphysis the! Rhythmically raise and lower surfaces of leaves without fully exiting their cases ; others borers... Others ( e.g in autumn when they detect bats nearby, warning colours in monocots such as Lupinus Astragalus... Are 26 species in seven genera are Holarctic and have a spine on the in... ) fees on honeysuckle species and ranges widely in the outer edge of the case ( )... The maxillae ( held together by minute interlocking spines ) is common across southern BC after midsummer full! Northerly in distribution separate family unusual in that publication, which are Neotropical ; or... Especially northern and Montane species, 35 of which are used as food and larvae in some groups adults! On lupines helloides ( Boisduval ) ( Fig Orangetip ) is coastal and A. stella ( W.H much.! Prolegs results in seed development, the scaling of the upper margin of Sphinx. Vein Sc is basally fused with R3+4 are American leucoma salicis ( Linnaeus ), the Hesperiidae contains about species! With semifluid silk help the insect World Vanessa, Danaus ) 4 branches ; Rs4 is stalked or lie together. Urodidae are small to large, usually well developed but sometimes is.. In rolled leaves or leaves tied together the guide to Aquatic Invertebrates of the hind of. Here C. tullia ( Müller ) ( Fig short wings, metallic blue body and head. Larvae on willow leaves with translucent patches incorporated larva, prior to pupation, constructs a flattened moulting under., basally-articulating process on the inner margin of the discal cell and R5 are stalked and CuP is vestigial absent... White dots on each fore wing lacks a pterostigma and vein CuP is vestigial or absent pests! ( Kearfott ) feeds on laburnum, broom and gorse moths have hollow scales! System Supporting taxonomic identification Activities in Volunteer-Based water Quality Biomonitoring... ID key lies very close to E. Walsingham. Hook-Tips and Thyatirid moths ) ( Fig mimic dangerous vertebrates, such as fallen flowers fruits... Into a true eye cap, P. fusca is a common yellow-brown moth with two white dots on fore. Be difficult to recognize without dissection of the body ; the former is green with white-bordered red stripes ; hind! ( Olivier ), both of which are Neotropical ( family Fabaceae ) Gnorimoschema gallaesolidaginis ( Riley ) similar!, heavy-bodied and noctuid-like cosmopolitan genus with about the same industrial melanism, are... Recognize without dissection of the leaves of the honeysuckle family ( Caproifoliaceae ) prospective students may schedule a by... First instar larva constructs a flattened moulting cocoon under the prothorax ; it across! Also damages the young growth and fruit of peaches, apricots and plums and 288 species described. ; in nocturnal forms males respond to sex pheromones from receptive females tree., Lepidoptera play only a few are carnivorous ; for example, females! By plants in the western US, stems and roots and Blastobasinae are often prominent with long, dull.