They have therefore played a major role in transmitting traditional ideas about elves in post-medieval cultures. elves definition: 1. plural of elf 2. plural of elf 3. pl of elf. [146], A pioneering work of the fantasy genre was The King of Elfland's Daughter, a 1924 novel by Lord Dunsany. April 1, 2020 at 8:06 pm. Tagalog Translation | Tagalog Dictionary | Say It! Elf meaning in Bengali - ছোট পরী বিশেষ; | English – Bangla & English (E2B) Online Dictionary. This is not necessarily the case, however. For Tolkien's fictional version, see, "Elves" redirects here. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. [135] Meanwhile, A Midsummer Night's Dream promoted the idea that elves were diminutive and ethereal. "Die aufnahme des Wortes knüpft an Wielands Übersetzung von Shakespeares Sommernachtstraum 1764 und and Herders Voklslieder 1774 (Werke 25, 42) an"; E.g. 2. a. This was clearly a well-established poetic formula, indicating a strong tradition of associating elves with the group of gods known as the Æsir, or even suggesting that the elves and Æsir were one and the same. "[132] Elves are also prominent, in similar roles, in contemporary Icelandic literature. [67] Just as álfar is associated with Æsir in Old Norse, the Old English Wið færstice associates elves with ēse; whatever this word meant by the tenth century, etymologically it denoted pagan gods. [105], In a similar vein, elves are in Middle German most often associated with deceiving or bewildering people in a phrase that occurs so often it would appear to be proverbial: die elben/der alp trieget mich ("the elves/elf are/is deceiving me"). This follows the common method of pluralizing nouns in English ending in an –f (shelf/shelves, calf/calves). This in turn inspired Goethe's poem Der Erlkönig. For example, a number of early modern ballads in the British Isles and Scandinavia, originating in the medieval period, describe elves attempting to seduce or abduct human characters. They continued to be associated with causing illnesses and with sexual threats. Elf is a very old word, and has been with us not only in modern English, but in Middle and Old English as well (in Old English it was ælf). [30], The English word elf is from the Old English word most often attested as ælf (whose plural would have been *ælfe). English American English. Most of them have Low German connections. [33] During the Old English period, separate forms were used for female elves (such as ælfen, putatively from common Germanic *), but during the Middle English period the word elf came routinely to include female beings. Yet Andersen also wrote about elvere in The Elfin Hill. Frequently Asked Questions About elves What is the plural of elf?. Showing page 1. See more. They inhabit natural features like mountains, forests, old trees, caves, reefs, etc., as well as personify abstract concepts and natural phenomena. In addition to elf / ælf (masc. [112], As in Old Norse, however, there are few characters identified as elves. Elves entered the twentieth-century high fantasy genre in the wake of works published by authors such as J. R. R. Tolkien; these re-popularised the idea of elves as human-sized and humanlike beings. Accessed 20 Dec. 2020. In the Romance-speaking world, beings comparable to elves are widely known by words derived from Latin fata ('fate'), which came into English as fairy. [99] The relatively few mentions of elves in the chivalric sagas tend even to be whimsical. For example, there are prayers which invoke God's help against nocturnal attacks by Alpe. [1] However, the details of these beliefs have varied considerably over time and space, and have flourished in both pre-Christian and Christian cultures. [3] Where enough people have believed in the reality of elves that those beliefs then had real effects in the world, they can be understood as part of people's worldview, and as a social reality: a thing which, like the exchange value of a dollar bill or the sense of pride stirred up by a national flag, is real because of people's beliefs rather than as an objective reality. My choice was the name Alea but i changed it into Aleah bc that was more helpful in my opinion! [71], Likewise, in Middle English and early modern Scottish evidence, while still appearing as causes of harm and danger, elves appear clearly as humanlike beings. [146] Despite the obvious fictionality of fantasy novels and games, scholars have found that elves in these works continue to have a subtle role in shaping the real-life identities of their audiences. Ultimately probably derived from Proto-Indo-European *h₂elbʰós (“ white ”). These seem to associate elves fairly consistently with woods and valleys. Luell: Famous elf . Find more words! There are, it should be noted, numerous exceptions to this, such as roof/roofs, and serf/serfs. The influence of Shakespeare and Michael Drayton made the use of elf and fairy for very small beings the norm, and had a lasting effect seen in fairy tales about elves, collected in the modern period. [72] They became associated with medieval chivalric romance traditions of fairies and particularly with the idea of a Fairy Queen. OLLIE : Unisex pet form of English Oliver and Olivia , both probably meaning "elf army." [35][37], Germanic *ɑlβi-z~*ɑlβɑ-z is generally agreed to be a cognate with Latin albus ('(matt) white'); Old Irish ailbhín ('flock'); Greek alphoús ('white'; ἀλφούς); Albanian elb ('barley'); and Germanic words for 'swan' such as Modern Icelandic álpt. [142], English and German literary traditions both influenced the British Victorian image of elves, which appeared in illustrations as tiny men and women with pointed ears and stocking caps. This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 13:57. [88], A kenning (poetic metaphor) for the sun, álfröðull (literally "elf disc"), is of uncertain meaning but is to some suggestive of a close link between elves and the sun. This fits well with the word ælfscȳne, which meant "elf-beautiful" and is attested describing the seductively beautiful Biblical heroines Sarah and Judith. In the twentieth century, scholars often labelled the illnesses elves caused as "elf-shot", but work from the 1990s onwards showed that the medieval evidence for elves' being thought to cause illnesses in this way is slender;[59] debate about its significance is ongoing.[60]. Found 20 sentences matching phrase "Elf dili".Found in 6 ms. Like the huldra in Norway and Sweden, they are hollow when seen from the back. [129] This second kind of elf cross was worn as a pendant in a necklace and in order to have sufficient magic it had to be forged during three evenings with silver, from nine different sources of inherited silver. Accordingly, in the Brothers Grimm fairy tale Die Wichtelmänner (literally, "the little men"), the title protagonists are two tiny naked men who help a shoemaker in his work. Tagalog to English. The Modern German Elf (m) and Elfe (f) was introduced as a loan-word from English in the 1740s[137][138] and was prominent in Christoph Martin Wieland's 1764 translation of A Midsummer Night's Dream. elf definition: 1. an imaginary being, often like a small person with pointed ears, in popular stories 2…. They make the toys in a workshop located in the North Pole. [29] However, it again seems unlikely that the origin of beliefs in elves itself is to be explained by people's encounters with objectively real people affected by disease. [91] As his most prominent deed in the poem is to rape Böðvildr, the poem associates elves with being a sexual threat to maidens. This word became partly synonymous with elf by the early modern period. 2. A question surrounding a hard-working plural. They are often skilled archers. [122] The Swedish älvor were stunningly beautiful girls who lived in the forest with an elven king.[123][124]. Jakob Grimm thought whiteness implied positive moral connotations, and, noting Snorri Sturluson's ljósálfar, suggested that elves were divinities of light. In the eighteenth century, German Romanticist writers were influenced by this notion of the elf, and reimported the English word elf into the German language. In the analysis of Valdimar Tr. Because they were learned by heart, they sometimes mention elves, even though that term had become archaic in everyday usage. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Lysanor ... Livi and Alva are less popular picks bearing the popular meaning, and both have the in-demand V sound within them. As in Elveskud, sometimes the everyday person is a man and the elf a woman, as also in Elvehøj (much the same story as Elveskud, but with a happy ending), Herr Magnus og Bjærgtrolden, Herr Tønne af Alsø, Herr Bøsmer i elvehjem, or the Northern British Thomas the Rhymer. In particular, nineteenth-century scholars tended to think that the dwarf Alberich, whose name etymologically means "elf-powerful", was influenced by early traditions of elves. [97][98] According to Hrólfs saga kraka, Hrolfr Kraki's half-sister Skuld was the half-elven child of King Helgi and an elf-woman (álfkona). Historically, people have taken three main approaches to integrating elves into Christian cosmology, all of which are found widely across time and space: Some nineteenth- and twentieth-century scholars attempted to rationalise beliefs in elves as folk-memories of lost indigenous peoples. AVERY: English surname transferred to unisex forename use, derived from the Middle English personal name Alfred, meaning "elf counsel." British linguist Jennifer … [96], The legendary sagas tend to focus on elves as legendary ancestors or on heroes' sexual relations with elf-women. These associate elves variously with the gods of Norse mythology, with causing illness, with magic, and with beauty and seduction. [83] Many commentators have also (or instead) argued for conceptual overlap between elves and dwarves in Old Norse mythology, which may fit with trends in the medieval German evidence. They are said to be gifted in magic, mentally sharp and lovers of nature, art, and song. After the medieval period, the word elf tended to become less common throughout the Germanic languages, losing out to alternative native terms like Zwerg ("dwarf") in German and huldra ("hidden being") in Scandinavian languages, and to loan-words like fairy (borrowed from French into most of the Germanic languages). [56], While they may have been thought to cause diseases with magical weapons, elves are more clearly associated in Old English with a kind of magic denoted by Old English sīden and sīdsa, a cognate with the Old Norse seiðr, and also paralleled in the Old Irish Serglige Con Culainn. You can complete the translation of elf given by the English-French Collins dictionary with other dictionaries such as: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Larousse dictionary, Le Robert, Oxford, Grévisse. Unknown . Of the many words for supernatural beings in Germanic languages, the only ones regularly used in personal names are elf and words denoting pagan gods, suggesting that elves were considered similar to gods. [128], In folk stories, Scandinavian elves often play the role of disease spirits. [151][152] The equivalent term in modern Welsh is Tylwyth Teg. ), the plural of which was *elfenna, -elfen, from Proto-Germanic *albinjo-. However, from the early modern period onwards, elves started to be prominent in the literature and art of educated elites. Find more German words at wordhippo.com! [113] Thus, some dwarves that appear in German heroic poetry have been seen as relating to elves. Dating in use from before the 12th century, elf has similarities to a number of related words in other languages, such as the Middle Low German alf ("incubus") and the Old Norse alfr ("elf"). [46], Elves appear in some place names, though it is difficult to be sure how many as a variety of other words, including personal names, can appear similar to elf. Pronunciation . [69][70] As well as appearing in medical texts, the Old English word ælf and its feminine derivative ælbinne were used in glosses to translate Latin words for nymphs. Electron localization function, a concept in quantum mechanics; Extremely low frequency, the band of radio frequencies from 3 to 30 Hertz; Linguistics. However, the characteristics and names of these beings have varied widely across time and space, and they cannot be neatly categorised. Also surviving are the English surname Elgar (Ælfgar, "elf-spear") and the name of St Alphege (Ælfhēah, "elf-tall"). Another word for Opposite of Meaning of Rhymes with Sentences with Find word forms Translate from English Translate to English Words With Friends Scrabble Crossword / Codeword Words starting with Words ending with Words containing exactly Words containing letters Pronounce Find conjugations Find names [121], The elves of Norse mythology have survived into folklore mainly as females, living in hills and mounds of stones. The other similar words are Bhoot and Jin. The English word elf is from the Old English word most often attested as ælf (whose plural would have been *ælfe). Take a look at this page to find out more Kacha Meanings in English. For this reason, belief in elves has, from the Middle Ages through into recent scholarship, often been labelled "pagan" and a "superstition". [154] In the Finnic-speaking world, the term usually thought most closely equivalent to elf is haltija (in Finnish) or haldaja (Estonian). [122], If a human watched the dance of the elves, he would discover that even though only a few hours seemed to have passed, many years had passed in the real world. While often mentioned, this etymology is not widely accepted. What made you want to look up elf? The most famous of the medical texts is the metrical charm Wið færstice ("against a stabbing pain"), from the tenth-century compilation Lacnunga, but most of the attestations are in the tenth-century Bald's Leechbook and Leechbook III. The elves in this story are more alike those of traditional Danish folklore, who were beautiful females, living in hills and boulders, capable of dancing a man to death. They occur most often in oral narratives and news reporting in which they disrupt house- and road-building. Mention of the land of Álfheimr is found in Heimskringla while Þorsteins saga Víkingssonar recounts a line of local kings who ruled over Álfheim, who since they had elven blood were said to be more beautiful than most men. It is defined by the Althochdeutsches Wörterbuch as a "nature-god or nature-demon, equated with the Fauns of Classical mythology ... regarded as eerie, ferocious beings ... As the mare he messes around with women". They therefore give people an unusual degree of access to ideas of elves from older traditional culture. Science. A widespread survivor of these in modern English is Alfred (Old English Ælfrēd, "elf-advice"). The Sagas of Icelanders, Bishops' sagas, and contemporary sagas, whose portrayal of the supernatural is generally restrained, rarely mention álfar, and then only in passing. In an ethnically fairly homogeneous medieval countryside, supernatural beings provided the Other through which everyday people created their identities; in cosmopolitan industrial contexts, ethnic minorities or immigrants are used in storytelling to similar effect. [133], Folk stories told in the nineteenth century about elves are still told in modern Denmark and Sweden, but now feature ethnic minorities in place of elves in an essentially racist discourse. [126], Elves have a prominent place in a number of closely related ballads which must have originated in the Middle Ages but are first attested in the early modern period. Used figuratively for "mischievous person" from 1550s. Top ELF acronym definition related to defence: English Language Framework In medieval Germanic-speaking cultures, elves seem generally to have been thought of as beings with magical powers and supernatural beauty, ambivalent towards everyday people and capable of either helping or hindering them. Medieval English evidence has, therefore, attracted quite extensive research and debate. The same idea is present in two post-classical Eddaic poems, which are also influenced by chivalric romance or Breton lais, Kötludraumur and Gullkársljóð. The Urdu Word جن Meaning in English is Elf. [109] Elbe was also used in this period to translate words for nymphs. In a few witchcraft trials people attest that these arrow-heads were used in healing rituals, and occasionally alleged that witches (and perhaps elves) used them to injure people and cattle. Elves definition is - plural of elf. Elves appear as demonic forces widely in medieval and early modern English, German, and Scandinavian prayers. [84], There are hints that the god Freyr was associated with elves. [118] Here Edmund Spenser's Faerie Queene (1590–) used fairy and elf interchangeably of human-sized beings, but they are complex, imaginary and allegorical figures. [85][86][87] However, this is not uniformly accepted. Hafstein, "narratives about the insurrections of elves demonstrate supernatural sanction against development and against urbanization; that is to say, the supernaturals protect and enforce pastoral values and traditional rural culture. Elf army . Definition of elf written for English Language Learners from the Merriam-Webster Learner's Dictionary with audio pronunciations, usage examples, and count/noncount noun labels. From a scientific viewpoint, elves are not considered objectively real. In The Queen of Elfland's Nourice, a woman is abducted to be a wet nurse to the elf-queen's baby, but promised that she may return home once the child is weaned. [24][25] Research has shown, however, that stories about elves have often been used as a way for people to think metaphorically about real-life ethnic others. Delivered to your inbox! It has been in use since at least the turn of the first millennium. Definition a small imaginary person with magic powers View the full definition in the Macmillan Dictionary Origin and usage The noun elf comes from Old English and is of Germanic origin. All Free. [129], In Iceland, expression of belief in the huldufólk ("hidden people"), elves that dwell in rock formations, is still relatively common. Typically, elf circles were fairy rings consisting of a ring of small mushrooms, but there was also another kind of elf circle. extremely low frequency ) n. pl. Loriel: English . [144][143] Thus in the US, Canada, UK, and Ireland, the modern children's folklore of Santa Claus typically includes small, nimble, green-clad elves with pointy ears, long noses, and pointy hats, as Santa's helpers. [82] There does not seem to have been any clear-cut distinction between humans and gods; like the Æsir, then, elves were presumably thought of as being humanlike and existing in opposition to the giants. They include a fleeting mention of elves seen out riding in 1168 (in Sturlunga saga); mention of an álfablót ("elves' sacrifice") in Kormáks saga; and the existence of the euphemism ganga álfrek ('go to drive away the elves') for "going to the toilet" in Eyrbyggja saga. [158] Some of the comparisons are quite precise: for example, the root of the word jinn was used in medieval Arabic terms for madness and possession in similar ways to the Old English word ylfig,[159] which was derived from elf and also denoted prophetic states of mind implicitly associated with elfish possession. Search Query: elf. [34], The main medieval Germanic cognates are Old Norse alfr, plural alfar, Old High German alp, plural alpî, elpî (alongside the feminine elbe), Burgundian *alfs, and Middle Low German alfcode: mlg promoted to code: mg . If you want to learn elf in English, you will find the translation here, along with other translations from Polish to English. We hope this will help you in learning languages. They are similar to elves in that they can be helpful or malevolent, but are usually indifferent to mortals. The Experience of Evil from a Cosmic Perspective", "Die sprachvergleichung und die urgeschichte der indogermanischen völker", "Light-elves, Dark-elves, and Others: Tolkien's Elvish Problem", Sacred trees and groves in Germanic paganism and mythology, Mythological Norse people, items and places, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Elf&oldid=995336803, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2020, Articles with dead external links from December 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from December 2016, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles containing Old English (ca. However, oral traditions about beings like elves remained prominent in Scandinavia into the early twentieth century. [73] Around the fifteenth century, evidence starts to appear for the belief that elves might steal human babies and replace them with changelings. [107][108] This deception sometimes shows the seductive side apparent in English and Scandinavian material:[105] most famously, the early thirteenth-century Heinrich von Morungen's fifth Minnesang begins "Von den elben wirt entsehen vil manic man / Sô bin ich von grôzer liebe entsên" ("full many a man is bewitched by elves / thus I too am bewitched by great love"). Although elfs may occasionally be found in print the accepted modern plural form of elf is elves. Kevyn Burger Special To The Star Tribune, We Got You This Article on 'Gift' vs. 'Present'. The only character explicitly identified as an elf in classical Eddaic poetry, if any, is Völundr, the protagonist of Völundarkviða. The idea also occurs in later traditions in Scandinavia and beyond, so it may be an early attestation of a prominent tradition. [52], In one or two Old English medical texts, elves might be envisaged as inflicting illnesses with projectiles. What does elf mean in English? Elfish beings appear to have been a common characteristic within Indo-European mythologies. Even in the twenty-first century, fantasy stories about elves have been argued both to reflect and to shape their audiences' understanding of the real world,[5][6] and traditions about Santa Claus and his elves relate to Christmas. 55 ] throughout these sources, elves are sometimes associated with causing illnesses and when. Forces widely in medieval and early modern period the mythical creature chivalric sagas tend to focus elves. Merriam-Webster.Com dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/elf are selected automatically from various Online news sources reflect... They occur most often in oral narratives and news reporting in which they disrupt and! 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