[115], In January 2021, cybersecurity firm Kaspersky said SUNBURST resembles the malware Kazuar, which is believed to have been created by Turla,[116][111][117][118] a group known from 2008 that Estonian intelligence previously linked to the Russian federal security service, FSB. The article title will have to change as more info is released.--vityok 10:47, 18 December 2020 (UTC) It is increasingly looking like 2020 international data breach will be the right title. Trump then pivoted to insisting that he had won the 2020 presidential election. [245] Most current and former U.S. officials considered the 2020 Russian hack to be a "stunning and distressing feat of espionage" but not a cyberattack because the Russians did not appear to destroy or manipulate data or cause physical damage (for example, to the electrical grid). [21] VMware released patches on December 3, 2020. [223], On December 24, 2020, CISA said state and local government networks, in addition to federal ones, and other organizations, had been impacted by the attack, but did not provide further details. [128], On December 8, 2020, before other organizations were known to have been breached, FireEye published countermeasures against the red team tools that had been stolen from FireEye. [78][79] In the build system, the attackers surreptitiously modified software updates provided by SolarWinds to users of its network monitoring software Orion. Retaliate for Russia's Big Hack? SolarWinds Inc. là một công ty Mỹ về phát triển phần mềm cho các doanh nghiệp để giúp giám sát mạng, hệ thống và cơ sở hạ tầng công nghệ thông tin.SolarWinds có trụ sở tại Austin, Texas, với các văn phòng phát triển sản phẩm và bán hàng tại một số địa điểm tại Mỹ và một số quốc gia khác trên thế giới. "[243], Bruce Schneier advocated against retaliation or increases in offensive capabilities, proposing instead the adoption of a defense-dominant strategy and ratification of the Paris Call for Trust and Security in Cyberspace or the Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace. [225] The committee's vice-chairman, Mark Warner, criticized President Trump for failing to acknowledge or react to the hack. [116], In January 2021, cybersecurity firm Kaspersky said SUNBURST resembles the malware Kazuar, which is believed to have been created by Turla,[117][112][118][119] a group known from 2008 that Estonian intelligence previously linked to the Russian federal security service, FSB. [22][14][8][17], At least one reseller of Microsoft cloud services was compromised by the attackers, constituting a supply chain attack that allowed the attackers to access Microsoft cloud services used by the reseller's customers. Welcome! [51][52] When the breach was discovered, the U.S. also lacked a Senate-confirmed Director of CISA, the nation's top cybersecurity official, responsible for coordinating incident response. [14], Also in 2020, Microsoft detected attackers using Microsoft Azure infrastructure in an attempt to access emails belonging to CrowdStrike. Russia’s SolarWinds Attack. Senator Richard J. Durbin (D-IL) described the attack as tantamount to a declaration of war. [53][39][40] The incumbent, Chris Krebs, had been fired by Trump on November 18, 2020. [ German ]It is currently being investigated whether the SolarWinds hack could have been carried out via the TeamCity software of the Eastern European company JetBrains. [9][86] If a user installed the update, this would execute the malware payload, which would stay dormant for 12–14 days before attempting to communicate with one or more of several command-and-control servers. UP NEXT. The hack of several US agencies via the SUNBURST backdoor in SolarWinds Orion monitoring software (see article FireEye hacked, Red Team tools stolen and US Treasury and US NTIA hacked) is taking on ever greater dimensions.The networks of the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) have also been … [119], On October 22, 2020, CISA and the FBI identified the Microsoft zerologon attacker as Berserk Bear, a state-sponsored group believed to be part of Russia's FSB. [73][3] Biden's incoming chief of staff, Ron Klain, said the Biden administration's response to the hack would extend beyond sanctions. [8] On December 13, 2020, CISA issued an emergency directive asking federal agencies to disable the SolarWinds software, to reduce the risk of additional intrusions, even though doing so would reduce those agencies' ability to monitor their computer networks. [89][91] The malware started to contact command-and-control servers in April 2020, initially from North America and Europe and subsequently from other continents too. [145][146], Through a manipulation of software keys, Russian hackers were able to access the email systems used by the Treasury Department's highest-ranking officials. [68][69] That same day, two private equity firms with ties to SolarWinds's board sold substantial amounts of stock in SolarWinds. [11][43][82][83][84] These users included U.S. government customers in the executive branch, the military, and the intelligence services (see Impact section, below). This is a huge cyber espionage campaign targeting the U.S. government and its interests. "[52] Esquire commentator Charles P. Pierce criticized the Trump administration for being "asleep at the switch" and termed Trump a "crooked, incompetent agent of chaos. [38][74][75] The presence of single sign-on infrastructure increased the viability of the attack.[45]. [13][101] On December 23, 2020, the CEO of FireEye said Russia was the most likely culprit and the attacks were "very consistent" with the SVR. The WEF’s proclaimed Cyberpandemic has begun: defense, power, water, finance, and our supply chain are all vulnerable to massive disruptions after FireEye & SolarWind have unleashed weapons of mass digital destruction AND unlocked the back doors of governments, militaries, and nearly the entire Fortune 500. [72][145] Former Homeland Security Advisor Thomas P. Bossert warned that it could take years to evict the attackers from US networks, leaving them able to continue to monitor, destroy or tamper with data in the meantime. It's hard to overstate how bad it is | Bruce Schneier", "Opinion | With Hacking, the United States Needs to Stop Playing the Victim", "The Government Has Known About the Vulnerabilities That Allowed Russia's Latest Hack for Decades—and Chose Not to Fix Them", "Should the U.S. UBS analyst Karl Keirstead, who has a buy rating and a $243 price target, said while Microsoft MSFT, +0.44% products were leveraged by hackers in the attack […] ", "SolarWinds falls under scrutiny after hack, stock sales", "More Hacking Attacks Found as Officials Warn of 'Grave Risk' to U.S. Government", "How the SolarWinds Hackers Bypassed Duo's Multi-Factor Authentication – Schneier on Security", "US treasury hacked by foreign government group – report", "Foreign government hacked into US Treasury Department's emails – reports", "No One Knows How Deep Russia's Hacking Rampage Goes", "~18,000 organizations downloaded backdoor planted by Cozy Bear hackers", "Third malware strain discovered in SolarWinds supply chain attack", "SolarWinds Discloses Earlier Evidence of Hack", "Trump administration says Russia behind SolarWinds hack. [213], On December 18, 2020, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said that some details of the event would likely be classified so as not to become public. Microsoft Corp. was wrapped into a massive cybersecurity attack late last year, but the unprecedented intrusion may actually end up being a positive for the company’s bottom line. [87][12] Once inside the target networks, the attackers pivoted, installing exploitation tools such as Cobalt strike components,[94][91] and seeking additional access. [22][23] This was reported to CISA, who issued an alert on October 22, 2020, specifically warning state, local, territorial and tribal governments to search for indicators of compromise, and instructing them to rebuild their networks from scratch if compromised. [5][36] FireEye said that additional government, consulting, technology, telecom and extractive entities in North America, Europe, Asia and the Middle East may also have been affected. [65], On December 14, 2020, the CEOs of several American utility companies convened to discuss the risks posed to the power grid by the attacks. [217], The Linux Foundation pointed out that if Orion had been open source, users would have been able to audit it, including via reproducible builds, making it much more likely that the malware payload would have been spotted. [23][24] This was reported to CISA, who issued an alert on October 22, 2020, specifically warning state, local, territorial and tribal governments to search for indicators of compromise, and instructing them to rebuild their networks from scratch if compromised. [1][135] Outside the U.S., reported SolarWinds clients included parts of the British government, including the Home Office, National Health Service, and signals intelligence agencies; the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO); the European Parliament; and likely AstraZeneca. U.S. and private sector investigators have spent the holidays combing through logs to try to understand whether their data has been stolen or modified. [1] The NSA is not known to have been aware of the attack before being notified by FireEye. [8], In March 2020, the attackers began to plant remote access tool malware into Orion updates, thereby trojaning them. [22][103] Using VirusTotal, The Intercept discovered continued indicators of compromise in December 2020, suggesting that the attacker might still be active in the network of the city government of Austin, Texas. [27][26] FireEye gave the suspects the placeholder name "UNC2452";[78][14] incident response firm Volexity called them "Dark Halo". "[250][251] U.S. [141][142][143], However, it appeared that the attackers had deleted or altered records, and may have modified network or system settings in ways that could require manual review. "[36] On December 18, the United Kingdom National Cyber Security Centre said that it was still establishing the attacks' impact on the UK. U.S. federal institutions reportedly breached. SolarWinds Breach Some mornings, when your alarm clock fires off, you just roll over and slap the “snooze” button. [34] Within days of its discovery, at least 200 organizations around the world had been reported to be affected by the attack, and some of these may also have suffered data breaches. "[36][124], On December 20, Democratic senator Mark Warner, briefed on the incident by intelligence officials, said "all indications point to Russia. The SolarWinds hack has, perhaps most significantly, shown how interconnected many businesses are in the tech, retail, service, and infrastructure spaces are. [126][127][128], On January 5, 2021, CISA, the FBI, the NSA, and the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, all confirmed that they believe Russia was the most likely culprit.[130][131][132]. 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