Why are these standards important (or not) from an ethical perspective? The richest person of his age, Rockefeller earned his fortune as the founder and major shareholder of Standard Oil but always regarded his billions as a public trust rather than his personal prize. Motions of the Earth 2. Monasteries became the repositories of civilization, learning, and often wealth. These cultural differences have sometimes been dealt with by adapting a faith to its new circumstances—Christianity incorporated aspects of many local cultures, as when the date of Christmas was set in the middle of winter to take advantage of the traditional Roman Saturnalia, and All Saints' Day came to be associated with the Celtic festival of Samhain. ? True or false? is linked to their cultural beliefs and background. Until 1975 Buddhism was officially recognized as the state religion of Cambodia. • Religion regions overlap both ethnic and language regions. These differences might significantly affect the foundation of any business relationships you may want to establish around the world. The most prominent religious landscape feature is th… A huge factor in different cultures is different religions. Mithraism, for example, was spread throughout the Roman world by soldiers who often had to serve in areas far from their places of birth; while Islam spread through military conquest (as in Spain and the Balkans), or through trade (as in Indonesia). 1. What is your opinion about workplace dress codes, and how far should employers go in setting dress and other behavior standards? Do both and you will be happy in both the worlds, and these are disconnected. Because there are differences in the characteristics, history, and interaction with the environment and society, religions also have distinctive landscapes. A Tuareg proverb has it that the first cup of tea is bitter like life, the second sweet like love, and the third gentle like death. And some cultures do not measure the passage of time at all. The Effect of Geography and Culture on Religion: Geography is one of the factors widely associated by historians with the social, political, and cultural development of a particular region. These goals need not be in conflict, but they must be integrated if the company is to reach an ethically sound agreement with the host country. Many today would disagree with the old adage that “clothes make the man,” yet studies show that well-dressed employees are held in higher esteem and may earn more, on average, than those who dress down. All rights reserved. Iceland, island country located in the North Atlantic Ocean. To put it in economic terms, all cultures share the resource of time, but they measure and use that resource very differently. A major factor in the difference that geography and culture make in our ethical standards is the influence of religious practice. This can be a matter of managing expectations. hamzaabubacar25 hamzaabubacar25 22.10.2020 Religion Senior High School Geography and culture affects religion because 1 Religion and Beliefs . Hence the growing importance of localization, the process of adapting a product for non-native environments and languages, especially other nations and cultures. Christianity was thought to save them from their pagan ways just as Islam and the message of the prophet saved unbelievers in the East. In Nigeria, for example, standing either too close or too far from someone to whom you are speaking might be seen as impolite. Motions of the Earth: Our behaviour-patterns, daily work-schedules as well as festivals and […] There are different religions today because there are different value systems around the world—the ways in which people think they are going to become happy. Commerce and trade followed these norms. As a result, we know more about the development and dispersal of the major religions than we do of languages. Learn more about Ricci’s approach and the relationship between Western and Ming Chinese views of ethics on this webpage. His message was religious, not commercial, but his respectful attitude allowed him to be accepted and trusted by the emperor and administrators. How does religion help and/or hurt society? How Geography Affects Religion? Localization is the process of adapting a product for use or sale in other nations and cultures. The Taj Mahal is not the Palace of Versailles. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, Describe the impact of geography on global relationships and business ethics, Explain how religion informs ethical business practice around the world. Ask your question. In Kenya, tutaonana baadaye means “see you later,” although “later” could be any time, open to context and interpretation. For instance, when the Roman Catholic Church emerged, it borrowed many of its organizational principles from the ancient Roman military and turned senators into cardinals, for example. Cultural Diversity = Religious Diversity? Ancient Egyptian Religion and the Nile River. Does this development affect the way you approach business relationships and conduct negotiations? Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. How do you think clothing choices affect the relationships we form at work or in other business situations? All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. GEOGRAPHY Language and religion – Cultural diffusion is the spreading of cultural traits from one group or place to another. Places along the coast may have an oceangoing culture. The Workplace Environment and Working Conditions, Contributing to a Positive Work Atmosphere, Criticism of the Company and Whistleblowing, Recognizing and Respecting the Rights of All, Accommodating Different Abilities and Faiths, Animal Rights and the Implications for Business, Ethical Issues in the Provision of Health Care, Changing Work Environments and Future Trends, Alternatives to Traditional Patterns of Work, Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, and the Workplace of the Future, Business Ethics in an Evolving Environment, Making a Difference in the Business World, Profiles in Business Ethics: Contemporary Thought Leaders. Are the Values Central to Business Ethics Universal? The study also concluded that, although leaders learn to adapt to cultural expectations, they often have to exceed those expectations to be truly successful. Our culture determines the structure of our thinking, which influences our perceptio… Two common models are used for understanding cultural spread, which include cultural diffusion and cultural region models where concepts of core and periphery of cultural ideas reflects areas where less or more presence of a given culture is present. It seems like the atheist is an atheist, not for rational reasons, but because of culture and geography based on their own logic (or lack thereof)! Also important in th… If so, how would it accommodate the differences across time, regions, and cultures discussed in this chapter? In Egypt, however, religion was very positive. This cooperation was evident during the era of mercantilism when the issue of personhood, or the privilege of having the freedom and capacity to make decisions and act morally, was hotly debated in the context of slavery, a practice that had been going on for centuries in the Christian West and the Islamic East. In other words, business has a role beyond merely reflecting the culture in which it operates. Ethical standards and practices governing these relationships depend on the environment they exist in, an environment that, in turn, depends on additional factors such as geography and religion. What he failed to predict was that the West would export its culture to the rest of the world and thus grip the entire world in its death throes. Should she eat in her office, out of sight of the team and bank employees? The age of uncomfortable dresses and starched white shirts may be over, but cultural standards, along with underlying values that prioritize, say, innovation over uniformity, change over time and even within the same company. It can affect the same culture in different ways at different times. Geography is very important to understanding culture. Certain mistakes, particularly accidental ones and those not motivated by malicious design, will likely be forgiven. The Concept of Ethical Business in Ancient Athens, Ethical Advice for Nobles and Civil Servants in Ancient China, Comparing the Virtue Ethics of East and West, Utilitarianism: The Greatest Good for the Greatest Number, Ethical Decision-Making and Prioritizing Stakeholders, Three Special Stakeholders: Society, the Environment, and Government, Corporate Law and Corporate Responsibility, Sustainability: Business and the Environment, The Impact of Culture and Time on Business Ethics, The Relationship between Business Ethics and Culture. The interaction of culture and geography is called human geography, which is the study of people's language, religion, medicine, economics and entertainment and how these practices have been influenced by their location. What do you think would be the effect of Jillian’s accepting the local custom but continuing her own personal preference at mealtimes? How do you think clothing might affect an international company’s approach to business ethics? Religion dominates the lives and behavior of … the blending together of two different faiths as in the case of the Pai Marire movement in 19th century New Zealand, which had only recently been colonized by Great Britain; this combined traditional Maori beliefs with Old Testament and Christian ideas, as well as a belief that the Maori would be liberated from their new rulers. Now the simple fact is that geography and culture do not affect your belief the way the skeptic is trying to … By the end of this section, you will be able to: Business ethics guides people to practice commerce professionally and honestly and in a way that permits as many as possible to flourish. Moreover, the state or crown often worked side by side with the church in the past, choosing certain teachings over others to promote its own interests. Business ethics will have to balance all these factors when adopting standards of conduct and local practices. 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