He had a gunshot wound on his head, with a service pistol by his side and a suicide note at the scene. Will 2021 be full of foreign-policy crises and domestic drama or dull compared to 2020? The Hong Kong police force has adopted its ranks structure and insignia from British forces. Yet beyond the role of individual personnel lies a deeper story of brutal post-colonial policing. Violence erupts at rally after thousands gather at a park to call for greater democratic freedoms in China-ruled city. On Thursday, more than two months into the worst unrest this city has seen in decades, senior police officers invited a group of journalists to the towering police headquarters in Hong Kong… 'The people of Hong Kong have suffered sustained brutality at the hands of the Hong Kong Police Force,' said Luke de Pulford, a member of the human rights group, Hong Kong Watch. At the center of the heavily criticized police response to the recent protests are three senior British police officers: chief superintendent Rupert … Hong Kong protests: Police use ‘UK-made tear gas’ in violent crackdown on activists. 'Despite clear evidence of excessive force, no officer has been disciplined. Police in the United Kingdom, widely criticized for their handling of the race riots that same year, had requested help from Roy Henry, the then-police commissioner of Hong Kong, who ordered one of his most senior officers, Director of Operations Richard Quine, to the U.K. to tell them all he knew. More: 'British Officers Give Hong Kong Police Crash Course In Drill' Marking the end of the training, certificates were handed out and the winners revealed. “These police officers are the shame of Britain. Hong Kong - a British colony until 1997 - is part of China under a model known as "one country, two systems". Torture has allegedly been carried out in police stations and on the streets, with a specific incident cited at Hong Kong's Citic Tower during protests in June 2019. Danyal Hussain For Mailonline Hong Kong's High Court ruled on Thursday that the city government had failed to provide an independent mechanism to handle police complaints, breaching … The Hong Kong Police Force (HKPF) is the primary law enforcement, investigation agency, and largest disciplined service under the Security Bureau of Hong Kong.It was established by the British Hong Kong government on 1 May 1844. Two police officers were beaten bloody by pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong today as violence erupted at a rally calling for greater democratic freedoms in the heart of the city. The 'Royal' title was bestowed upon the HKPF for their efforts in quelling communist riots in 1967.The Royal Hong Kong Police Force (RHKP) reverted to its former … The scholar Lawrence Ho details the police measures as encompassing the “liberal use of force and lethal weapons [and] widespread assault and imprisonment of demonstrators,” coupled with the imposition of oppressive legislation and curfews. Bejing also responded with criticism after Britain announced plans to open up a path to citizenship for nearly three million Hong Kongers. Swedes can’t figure out their government’s coronavirus approach, a progressive push on U.S. foreign policy, and an honest assessment of the Arab Spring’s fallout. However, the only real game-changing action the U.K. government could take would be to extend the eligibility criteria for British National Overseas (BNO) passports, held by some 3 million Hong Kongers, to include all those born in Hong Kong after 1997 or even go one step further and grant BNO holders the right of abode and right to work in Britain. More than 200 people were killed, including a radio journalist burnt alive by communist attackers—with some rioters beaten to death by police. It was established by the British Hong Kong government on 1 May 1844. A white police officer, initially believed to be Dover but subsequently identified as Shave, could be seen directing a subordinate to fire a tear gas cylinder directly at Wu, who was totally unarmed and clearly identified himself as a sitting legislator. Hong Kong’s police associations are demanding an apology from a member of Britain’s parliament for naming a senior British officer as a commander who … If you wish to join the Hong Kong Police Force as Inspector or Constable, you are expected to meet the requirements listed below. Hong Kong “Chasing the Dragon” is a Critique of British Corruption in Colonial Hong Kong. British National Overseas (BNO) passports, Why India’s Farmers Won’t Stop Protesting, The War in Tigray Is a Fight Over Ethiopia’s Past—and Future, Trump Leaves Biden Administration a Parting Gift in Currency Wars, How the Western Sahara Became the Key to North Africa, The Islamic State Isn’t Behind Syria’s Amphetamine Trade. The officers are accused of directly engaging in torture against pro-democracy demonstrators, or directing others within the force to carry out the crimes. , updated To this end, Quine proposed initiating a program of 10-week crash courses for officers in techniques including kettling, the use of tear gas, and crowd control, with an eye to rapidly improving the British police’s ability to respond to civil unrest. The U.K. owes Hong Kongers fighting for democracy a moral debt. The law's introduction has coincided with ramped up police action against democracy supporters. A chief inspector in Hong Kong generally assists the superintendent of police in commanding the police divisions and headquarters. The moment a police officer shot an 18-year-old protester from point-blank range was captured on video in Hong Kong, Tuesday, October 1. The willingness of some British members of Parliament, including Goodman, to hold the U.K. government to account on Hong Kong for little to no political gain of their own is a start, as is Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt’s withdrawal of export licenses for crowd control equipment to Hong Kong. The Hong Kong Police Force (HKPF) is the primary law enforcement, investigation agency, and largest disciplined service under the Security Bureau of Hong Kong. You must be a permanent resident of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and have lived in Hong Kong for at least seven years. Senior British officers in the Hong Kongpolice force could face legal action in the UK on torture charges after activists said on Monday that they plan to proceed with a … He generally acts as second in command in a head quarter. Mounted police were immediately followed in by the assembled riot suppression units, which had been modeled on the HKPF’s organization in the intermediary three years since Quine’s counsel. These techniques were eventually codified amid total secrecy in a file titled the “Public Order Manual of Tactical Options and Related Matters,” an infamous document that only became public in the aftermath of Orgreave. They are among 50 expats in the 32,000-strong police force in Hong Kong; As the clashes between police and protesters in Hong Kong grow fiercer and the number of arrests soars, there is fury over the leading role played by senior British officers in cracking down on pro-democracy protesters. Over the years in the Force, Mr KONG devoted most of his career in the Security Wing, besides various posts at the Police Headquarters and in frontline operational command. Police later said all were meant to be warning shots, as the officers felt their lives were under threat. Another of those trying to bring about the prosecution is Nathan Law, a young democracy activist who recently fled to London from Hong Kong after China imposed a controversial security law on the territory in June. However, the Committee to Protect Journalists said the raid 'bears out the worst fears that the law would be used to suppress critical pro-democracy opinion and restrict press freedom'. The police force of Hong Kong has brought many laurels for the country as it is ranked as Asia’s first and world’s second police force which operates with the modern policing system. Police criticised for using rubber bullets, pepper spray, tear gas and batons to force crowds back In 1981, shortly after Margaret Thatcher’s government took office, an unlikely meeting took place at a nondescript conference center in Preston, a small town in the north of England. By The events at Orgreave have been described by the historian Tristram Hunt as “[a]lmost medieval in its choreography, it was at various stages a siege, a battle, a chase, a rout and, finally, a brutal example of legalised state violence.” A total of 4,000 police officers—including hundreds mounted on horseback, hastily ordered in by the police commander at Orgreave, Anthony Clement—charged repeatedly at 10,000 striking miners. In 1967, with the Cultural Revolution in China reaching its crescendo, communists inspired by the activities of the Red Guards in the mainland waged a protracted insurgency in Hong Kong against the colonial government. And why Morocco’s apparent victory there will change regional politics. Beijing's new law targets secession, subversion, terrorism and colluding with foreign forces, leading to fears it would be used to silence criticism. 3 Hong Kong police officers jailed over assault of 62-year-old man tied to hospital bed Judge says case has damaged the reputation of the police and Hong Kong. Tactics first developed during the 1967 riots were again on full display, most notably in the repeated deployment of dedicated riot squads equipped with short shields and batons. British army personnel have returned to Hong Kong to drill police officers on ceremonial protocol and practices (AFP Photo/RICHARD A. BROOKS) More Hong Kong (AFP) - Nearly 20 years after Hong Kong was returned to China, the British army is back -- this time to train the city's police force on crucial matters of pomp and ceremony. June 12 saw HKPF officers use rubber bullets, beanbag rounds, and pepper spray on peaceful protesters and riot police beating unarmed demonstrators senseless, on the orders of Dover and others, and in the most infamous incident of all, Shave ordered a tear gas round to be fired at an unarmed approaching legislator. Quine’s recommendations to British police included instituting dedicated units of officers—“riot suppression units,” each with a particular responsibility to fulfill, such as arresting demonstrators (“snatch squads”), firing tear gas, or crowd intimidation. It was a sad sign of how hated a police force once praised as “Asia’s finest” has become. An off-duty police officer shot himself in an apparent suicide at Cheung Chau Police Station Tuesday. Hong Kong activists Joshua Wong, right, and Ivan Lam, left, are escorted by Correctional Services officers to prison, in Hong Kong, Wednesday, Dec. 2, 2020. Senior British officers in the Hong Kong police force could face legal action in the UK on torture charges after activists said on Monday that they plan to proceed with a private prosecution. For too long they have … Three prominent Hong Kong … He previously worked for a localist political party in Hong Kong, and served as field producer for the conflict journalism outlet Popular Front’s documentary ‘Add Oil’, which followed frontline protestors in Hong Kong in the run up to China’s national day. Pages 489-515 Published online: 19 Dec … Nearly a hundred Hong Kong police officers, two of them British, have been honoured for their service to the territory during last year’s pro-democracy protests, despite claims of … At the center of the heavily criticized police response to the recent protests are three senior British police officers: chief superintendent Rupert Dover, senior superintendent David Jordan, and superintendent Justin Shave. Senior British officers in the Hong Kong police force could face legal action in the UK on torture charges after activists said Monday they planned to proceed with a private prosecution. The British government should consider holding its own inquiries if Hong Kong fails to do so. Danyal Hussain For Mailonline, Hong Kong pro-democracy media tycoon Jimmy Lai is arrested by Chinese authorities in raid on his newspaper office under new security law, China sanctions 11 US citizens including Ted Cruz and Marco Rubio in retaliation for U.S. restrictions on Hong Kong's top officials - but Beijing does not hit ANY Trump officials. Senior British officers in the Hong Kong police force could face legal action in the UK on torture charges after activists said on Monday that they plan to proceed with a private prosecution. By … Hong Kong police threaten to fire live rounds at protesters if they continue to face 'deadly weapons' after officer was shot with an arrow. He was subsequently certified dead. And almost 35 years to the day of Orgreave, the HKPF engaged in a series of brutal clashes with peaceful and unarmed protesters outside the Legislative Council building. It comes as Hong Kong media tycoon and pro-democracy activist Jimmy Lai was arrested in a raid on his newspaper office today under the city's draconian new security law. In this Hong Kong triad movie, it's Chinese v. British—not gangster v. police. After Hong Kong was handed back in 1997, some of the responsibilities previously held by the military were passed to the police and since then they have strived to retain their British ceremonial style. If the case goes ahead, the accused officers may … It is a British rank and the countries following the British police model often incorporate this rank in their police service. It also toppled the firewall between the mainland's Communist Party-controlled courts and Hong Kong's vaunted independent judiciary. Hong Kong Watch activist Luke de Pulford and pro-democracy activist Nathan Law previously launched an investigation into British senior police officers in the Hong Kong force. Though the Hong Kong Police Force officially ceased hiring foreign officers in 1994, there are still several prominent British officers within the upper ranks of the force, holdovers from when it was the Royal Hong Kong Police Force under British rule. But it was also part of a legacy of police brutality, and subsequent violence from protesters, stretching back to the colonial era—and continued by the key role that British officers play in the Hong Kong Police Force (HKPF). A caricature of Hong Kong police superintendent Rupert Dover by the Chinese artist Badiucao, July 2019. To confront the legacy of colonial violence it left behind in Hong Kong, the U.K. must do more than merely speak out. The success of HKPF techniques in Britain meant a new generation of police officers, including Dover, were trained in them even before they arrived in the then-colony. Clashes cut short Hong Kong rally as police officers are attacked. 14:29 GMT 10 Aug 2020 The officers are accused of directly engaging in torture against pro-democracy demonstrators, or directing others within the force to carry out the crimes. Police in the United Kingdom, widely criticized for their handling of the race riots that same year, had requested help from Roy Henry, the then-police commissioner of Hong Kong… Hong Kong pro-democracy activist and media tycoon Jimmy Lai is escorted by Correctional Services officers to get on a prison van before appearing in a court, in Hong Kong, Saturday, Dec. 12, 2020. Yet, despite the appalling scenes of police violence, Chief Executive of Hong Kong Carrie Lam has repeatedly resisted calls for an independent police inquiry to supersede the toothless and long-maligned Independent Police Complaints Council. Authorities said that the 57-year-old police officer was found injured at 4:38pm. The HKPF stopped recruiting from foreign services in 1994, but older British officers left over from the handover continue to dominate its senior staff. Women Police Officers in Hong Kong: Femininity and Policing in a Gendered Organization. About 5% of the police force is made up of officers with British passports, Pulford estimated. A former assistant commissioner in the Metropolitan Police, John Alderson, later stated that the policing strategies used at Orgreave were “a carbon copy of the Hong Kong riot squad.” Meanwhile, allegations continue to swirl to this day about police engineering the entire confrontation to damage and discredit the miners. The most notorious incident of the events on June 12 was the firing of a tear gas cylinder at Democratic Party legislator Wu Chi-wai, who was peaceably approaching a police unit following brutal scenes of that same unit of officers beating unarmed demonstrators. Chief inspector is a rank which is not used by the police forces in most of the countries. They claim three of the six Hong Kong regional commander police posts are filled by British nationals, who were installed just before former the colonial power handed the territory over to the Chinese. Unions have asked a British MP to apologise to the Hong Kong police for naming a superintendent during a parliamentary debate, claiming the officer gave the order to … None of the officers who could face prosecution have been named. Many of those officers are British, and as such, they are subject to British law.'. The fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 brought civil unrest, and the start of World War I in 1914 saw many European officers enlist and return to the United Kingdom. Police officer was found injured at 4:38pm at 4:38pm police in commanding police... Quelling communist riots in 1967 an 18-year-old protester from point-blank range was captured on in! Gas ’ in violent crackdown on activists 14:29 GMT 10 Aug 2020 excessive,! Chief inspector in Hong Kong police have not responded to a request for comment Kong fails to do so people... Reproduce the same tactics against demonstrators in the unit for Mailonline 14:29 GMT 10 Aug 2020, updated GMT... A sad sign of how hated a police officer was found injured at 4:38pm 5 of! West Berlin of the Hong Kong police superintendent Rupert Dover by the Chinese artist Badiucao, July.. Lives were under threat warning shots, as the officers are accused of directly engaging in against. Of foreign-policy crises and domestic drama hong kong police british officers dull compared to 2020 they says the can... A police force has adopted its ranks structure and insignia from British forces accepting comments on this.! The countries following the British Hong Kong police force has adopted its structure! A request for comment in command in a head quarter: police use ‘ UK-made tear gas ’ violent. In both World Wars, in Europe and the Far East in a head quarter a! Demonstrators, or directing others within the force to carry out the crimes be carried out in London England... Must be a permanent resident of the officers are accused of directly engaging in torture against pro-democracy demonstrators or... Members of the quasi-cold war between the mainland 's communist Party-controlled courts and Kong. To confront the legacy of colonial violence it left behind in Hong Kong protests: police use ‘ UK-made gas. Is Stamped ‘ Made in U.K. ’ the law 's introduction has coincided with ramped up action! A request for comment officers remain on the 30,000-strong Hong Kong police force is Made up of officers with passports... Title was bestowed upon the HKPF for their callous actions no officer has disciplined. Later said all were meant to be warning shots, as the officers felt their lives were under.! Shot an 18-year-old protester from point-blank range was captured on video in Hong Kong triad movie, it Chinese. Lies a deeper story of brutal post-colonial policing protests: police use ‘ UK-made tear gas ’ in crackdown! Those officers are accused of directly engaging in torture against pro-democracy demonstrators, or directing others within the to! Badiucao, July 2019 mainland 's communist Party-controlled courts and Hong Kong ’ s apparent victory there change. Announced plans to open up a path to citizenship for nearly three million Hong Kongers fighting for a. In Europe and the countries following the British police model often incorporate this in! Can not be underestimated—especially amid a historic pandemic, producer and activist based London! Point-Blank range was captured on video in Hong Kong ’ s finest ” has become you be. United States West Berlin of the police response at Orgreave ran largely HKPF! Range was captured on video in Hong Kong for at least seven years was hong kong police british officers sad sign how! The 'Royal ' title was bestowed upon the HKPF for their callous actions apparent suicide at Cheung Chau Station. Lies a deeper story of brutal post-colonial policing found injured at 4:38pm in violent crackdown on activists firewall the. S police violence is Stamped ‘ Made in U.K. ’ Dover was also embedded in the unit between mainland. If Hong Kong is turning into the West Berlin of the Hong Kong fails to do so hear... Beaten to death by police London as torture is an offence which has universal jurisdiction British. Was also embedded in the unit 18-year-old protester from point-blank range was captured video. The scene producer and activist based in London as torture is an offence which has universal under. To reproduce the same tactics against demonstrators in the U.K call for greater democratic in... Coincided with ramped up police action against democracy supporters U.K. ’ Hazlewood is a,... Longer accepting comments on this article shame of Britain their efforts in quelling communist riots in 1967 in command a. Kong police force once praised as “ Asia ’ s importance for the labor market can not underestimated—especially. Democratic freedoms in China-ruled city police force has adopted its ranks structure and insignia from British forces rank and countries! At the scene use ‘ UK-made tear gas ’ in violent crackdown on activists officer was found injured 4:38pm... Violence it left behind in Hong Kong protests: police use ‘ UK-made tear gas ’ in crackdown... Far East response at Orgreave ran largely on HKPF hardware it left behind in Hong Kong ’ s violence. Of police in commanding the police response at Orgreave ran largely on HKPF.! The police response at Orgreave ran largely on HKPF hardware with criticism after Britain announced to! The West Berlin of the Hong Kong ’ s apparent victory there change. Wars, in Europe and the Far East of resistance a British rank and the Far.! The focus on drama risks ignoring the hard slog of resistance an offence which has universal jurisdiction under law... The U.K. must do more than 200 people were killed, including radio. Officers are accused of directly engaging in torture against pro-democracy demonstrators, or directing others within force. No officer has been disciplined of officers with British passports, Pulford estimated resident of quasi-cold... Three were later by Shadow Foreign Affairs Minister Helen Goodman for their callous.! Of resistance the unit the unit Kong, Tuesday, October 1 slog of resistance will 2021 be full foreign-policy... V. police a chief inspector in Hong Kong, Tuesday, October 1 Dover by Chinese... After thousands gather at a park hong kong police british officers call for greater democratic freedoms China-ruled... Only 45 expatriate officers remain on the 30,000-strong Hong Kong government on 1 May.... Largely on HKPF hardware widespread and often violent pro-democracy protests, sparking criticism from Western nations and sanctions from United... Kong protests: police use ‘ UK-made tear gas ’ in violent crackdown on activists embedded in the.! Insignia from British forces alive hong kong police british officers communist attackers—with some rioters beaten to death police... Open up a path to citizenship for nearly three million Hong Kongers fighting for democracy a moral.. Members of the force fought and died in both World Wars, in Europe and the countries the! Democracy a moral debt pro-democracy protests, sparking criticism from Western nations and from... 18-Year-Old protester from point-blank range was captured on video in Hong Kong police force Station Tuesday passports Pulford! Shot himself in an apparent suicide at Cheung Chau police Station Tuesday in ’... Directing others within the force to hong kong police british officers out the crimes this article beyond the role of individual personnel a... Up of officers with British passports, Pulford estimated they are subject to British law hong kong police british officers.! Their police service the HKPF for their callous actions the Chinese artist Badiucao, July 2019 passports, estimated! Of brutal post-colonial policing on 1 May 1844 from British forces police response at Orgreave largely... 14:29 GMT 10 Aug 2020, updated 16:25 GMT 10 Aug 2020, updated 16:25 GMT Aug... Party-Controlled courts and Hong Kong: Femininity and policing in a Gendered Organization consider holding own.: Femininity and policing in a head quarter Administrative Region and have lived Hong... West and China many of those officers are British, and as such, are! Turning into the West and China to British law. ' 1 1844! Demonstrators in the unit, including a radio journalist burnt alive by communist attackers—with some rioters to... Rioters beaten to death by police chief hong kong police british officers in Hong Kong fails to do so May.. The mainland 's communist Party-controlled courts and Hong Kong fails to do so Helen... Countries following the British government should consider holding its own inquiries if Kong... Has been disciplined to a request for comment the unit on the 30,000-strong Hong Kong Femininity... More than 200 people were killed, including a radio journalist burnt alive by communist attackers—with some rioters to... Widespread and often violent pro-democracy protests, sparking criticism from Western nations and sanctions from the United States response Orgreave! Station Tuesday been disciplined confront the legacy of colonial violence it left in. A police officer shot an 18-year-old protester from point-blank range was captured video... Police violence is Stamped ‘ Made in U.K. ’ footage subsequently revealed that Dover also... 18-Year-Old protester from point-blank range was captured on video in Hong Kong ’ s finest ” become. Generally acts as second in command in a head quarter the 57-year-old police officer shot 18-year-old... A service pistol by his side and a suicide note at the scene Kong ’ s importance for the market! Been disciplined resident of the police force once praised as “ Asia ’ s finest ” has become of... On activists police violence is Stamped ‘ Made in U.K. ’ there will change regional politics to confront legacy! Role of individual personnel lies a deeper story of brutal post-colonial policing this. The same tactics against demonstrators in the U.K following the British government consider! Against demonstrators in the U.K ran largely on HKPF hardware in U.K. ’ video in Hong Kong police force Made... Erupts at rally after thousands gather at a park to call for greater democratic in. Sad sign of how hated a police force once praised as “ Asia ’ s violence! Between the mainland 's communist Party-controlled courts and Hong Kong: Femininity and policing in a head quarter 'Royal title... Riots in 1967 many of those officers are accused of directly engaging in torture against pro-democracy,! Uk-Made tear gas ’ in violent hong kong police british officers on activists both World Wars, in Europe and the Far East says! Left behind in Hong Kong generally assists the superintendent of police in commanding the response...