Sense and Reference Foundations of Semantics LING 130 James Pustejovsky Thanks to Dan Wedgewood of U. Edinburgh for use of some slides A picture of the grammar But remember what we had to do to get from linguistically encoded meaning to the proposition expressed:!Assign reference The reference of a word is the thing, event, or state that it points to in the world. Reference - By means of reference a speaker indicates which thing or people are being talked about . RefeRence Reference deals with the relationship between language and the world. Its sense is HOW it refers to that object." If semantics is a science, it cannot operate PDF | The paper delves into the semantic field to establish sense as an important category within the domain of conceptual or cognitive meaning. I guess the Reference is: A [former] President of the USA (George Bush senior); SENSE RELATIONS I SYNONYMY & ANTONYMY 1.SYNONYMY • refers to ‘sameness of m.’, s. relation in which different l. forms have the ?same? definite, indefinite articles •a person, the person •Not all words contain a referent in the real world •unicorn A fourth, very important aspect of meaning is connotation. ... Semantics, is the study of . - Reference is something haring physical existence. The Sense/Reference Distinction in Constructive Semantics PER MARTIN-LÖF Transcription of a lecture read at a conference on Frege organised by Göran Sundholm at Leiden, 25 August 2001. The reference and sense of a sign are to be distinguished from the [p25] associated idea. Sense relations1: Reference, denotation and connotation Sense, reference and denotation are three aspects of what is commonly conveyed by the loose term ‘meaning’. You can find in in many anthologies. Unfortunately, the path is rugged and progress is slow. * * Frege’s paper, “On Sense and Reference,” is widely considered the beginning of analytic philosophy. SemanticS ‘’Semantics is the study of meaning in language.’’ ‘’Linguistic semantics is the study of meaning that is used by humans to express themselves through language.’’ (Hurford, Heasley & Smith, 2007) 3. Lexical Semantics: Reference •Words also refer to (concrete or abstract) things •reference to specific entity (a referent) •Bill, the White House, Paris •reference to set of entities •person, house, city •cf. If the reference of a sign is an object perceivable by the senses, my idea of it is an internal image, [5] arising from memories of sense impressions which I have had and acts, both internal and external, which I … We deal with relationships inside the language. Sense and Reference, p. 3 calculus to incorporate Frege’s insights. A term's reference IS the object it refers to. m. • synonymy=symmetric hyponymy e.g.all children are kids-all kids are children • English-rich in synonyms (2 vocabulary sources) "sense and reference are two different aspects of the meaning of some kinds of terms. Reference, Sense, and Lexical Relations An important traditional distinction in lexical semantics, as most influentially articulated by Frege (1980 [1892]) and Saussure (1983 [1916]), is between reference and sense. For example: 'The husband of Barbara Bush is the President who succeeded Ronald Reagan.' We won’t be able to go into the issues here. The world X1 x2 language The world y X language Both reference and sense are different but related aspects of semantics • 2. Semantics deals with the literal meaning of sentences. REFERENCE SENSE 4. Pragmatics deals with what ... depends on a contextually-determined reference of the demonstrative. 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